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Det löser sig!: Förberedelsens betydelse för gymnasieelevers lärande vid kemilaborationer
Halmstad University. Halmstad University, School of Teacher Education (LUT).
Halmstad University. Halmstad University, School of Teacher Education (LUT).
2011 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [en]

Laboratory work is a big part of chemistry education in high school. During our student training placement we have noticed that the laboratory work is not fully utilized to develop students´ chemistry knowledge. This problem made us want to investigate how the laboratory work in chemistry could be set, to become more meaningful for students. We introduced two preparation methods, and examined the outcome of students learning experiences and their acquisition of chemistry knowledge. This was examined both through surveys and observation. Our study showed that it is not clear that students learn by experimenting. Several students expressed that an initial discussion did contribute to an instructive laboratory sessions and claimed that the preparation had helped them to articulate their knowledge and that it helped them to focus on the right things during the experiment. The students who had prepared themselves communicated in a more scientific manner during the laboratory work.

Abstract [sv]

Laborationer är en stor del i kemiundervisningen i gymnasiet. Under vår VFU, verksamhetsförlagd utbildning, har vi noterat att laborationer inte utnyttjas fullt ut för att utveckla elevernas kunskaper. Denna problematik gjorde att vi ville undersöka hur laborationer i kemi kan utformas för att bli mer betydelsefulla för elever. Vi undersökte i vilken utsträckning eleverna erfar att laborationer bidrar till förståelse för kemi. Vi introducerade två förberedelsemetoder och undersökte vilket inflytande dessa hade på elevernas lärande och deras tillägnande av kemikunskaper. Detta undersöktes både genom enkäter och observationer. Vår studie visade att det inte är självklart att eleverna lär sig genom att laborera. Flera elever uttryckte att en inledande diskussion hade bidragit till en lärorik laboration och menade att förberedelsen hade hjälpt dem att sätta ord på deras kunskaper samt att den hjälpte dem att fokusera på rätt saker under laborationen. De studenter som hade förberett sig kommunicerade på ett mer vetenskapligt sätt under laborationer.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2011. , 54 p.
Keyword [en]
chemistry laborations, high school students, learning, initial discussion
Keyword [sv]
förberedande diskussion, gymnasieelever, kemilaborationer, lärande
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hh:diva-15468OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hh-15468DiVA: diva2:424650
Subject / course
Education Science
Uppsok
Social and Behavioural Science, Law
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2011-06-27 Created: 2011-06-19 Last updated: 2011-06-27Bibliographically approved

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Halmstad UniversitySchool of Teacher Education (LUT)

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