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Erfarenheter av att vara brottsoffer: Berättelser om att vara brottsutsatt
Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT.
2011 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Experiences from being a crime victim : Stories about being a crime victim (English)
Abstract [sv]

Studiens syfte är att studera vilka erfarenheter individer har som blivit utsatta för brott. Detta för att erhålla en ökad förståelse för brottsoffers situation. Utifrån syftet har frågeställningen Erfarenheter av att vara brottsoffer utvecklats. För att söka svar på frågeställningen har intervjuer valts som datainsamlingsmetod. Intervjuerna har spelats in, transkriberats och analyserats genom IPA-modellen. I resultatet framträdde några centrala kluster. Dessa var försvarsmekanismer, tystnad som följd av stigmatisering, ambivalens och maktaspekter. Utifrån den insamlade datan drogs slutsatserna att brottsoffer utsätts för en emotionell påfrestning som de försöker hantera genom försvarsmekanismer, att brottsoffer tenderar att ha en låg känsla av sammanhang samt ett litet handlingsutrymme och en begränsad makt. Vidare drogs slutsatsen att det finns stereotyper om brottsoffer som kan leda till att brottsoffer stigmatiseras. Risken för stigmatisering leder till att brottsoffer tenderar att inte tala om brottet. Vidare kan brottet komma att ha negativa konsekvenser på brottsoffrets jag.

Abstract [en]

The purpose with the study is to examine peoples experiences of crimes to gain a greater understanding for crime victims situations. From the purpose has a question arised which is Experiences from being a crime victim. To seek an answer on the question has interviews been chosen as data collection method. The interviews have been taped, transcribed and analyzed through the IPA–model. Some central clusters did emerge from the result. These were defense mechanisms, silence as a result of stigma, ambivalence and aspects of power. From the collected data were the conclusions drawn that crime victims are exposed to an emotional strain that they are trying to control by defense mechanisms, that crime victims tend to have a low sense of coherence and a little discretion and a limited amount of power. The conclusion were also drawn that there are existing stereotypes about crime victim, which can result in that the crime victim gets stigmatized. The risk for the crime victim to become stigmatized leads to the fact that the crime victims don´t want to mention the crime. The crime can also result in negative consequences for the crime victims self.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2011. , 37 p.
Keyword [en]
crime victim, defense mechanisms, power, silence, stigma
Keyword [sv]
brottsoffer, försvarsmekanismer, makt, tystnad, stigmatisering
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kau:diva-7626Local ID: PSY C-24OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kau-7626DiVA: diva2:424186
Subject / course
Psychology
Uppsok
Social and Behavioural Science, Law
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2011-09-30 Created: 2011-06-17 Last updated: 2011-09-30Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
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