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Problemlösning i matematik: ett lärandeobjekt för learning study
Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Education.
2011 (Swedish)Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 60 credits / 90 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [sv]

Syfte:

Målet med undersökningen var att få kunskap om hur undervisningen kan stärka elevens förmåga att tillämpa problemlösning i matematik. Målet är att finna de kritiska aspekterna av att tillämpa problemlösning.

I undervisningssituationen fann jag det intressant att se vilka förändringar som gjorde skillnad för elevens lärande.

Teori/Metod:

Undersökningen är en learning study som utförs i en åk 8. Datamaterialet baseras på samtal, intervjuer, observationer och tester. Detta material ligger som grund då jag med hjälp av variationsteorin använder denna teori som analysredskap.

Resultat:

Resultatet visar eleverna saknade strategier och metoder för att utföra

problemlösningsuppgifter. Vid cykel 1 visade testresultatet att eleverna förbättrade sin förmåga att arbeta med problemlösningsuppgifter då de deltagit i lektioner som bearbetade det valda lärandeobjektet. Däremot skedde ingen stor förbättring vid cykel 2.

De deltagande pedagogernas reflektion kring learning study blev positiv. De såg det som en förmån att få samarbeta kring ett specifikt lärandeobjekt. Learning study ser de som en god fortbildningsverksamhet inom skolan.

Speciallärarens roll skulle till karaktären kunna vara både handledande men även deltagande i en learning study. Resultatet visar att learning study som metod och variationsteori stöder specialläraren i sitt arbete att möta elever med särskilda behov i syfte att individualisera på bästa sätt.

Abstract [en]

Purpose:

The purpose of this study was to gain knowledge of how teaching can enhance pupils’ ability to apply problem-solving in mathematics. The goal is to find the critical aspects of applying problem-solving.

In the teaching situation, I found it interesting to see what changes that made a difference to pupils’ learning.

Theory/Method:

This study is a learning study conducted in an eighth grade. The data is based on discussions, interviews, observations and tests. This material is the basis on which I am using the variation theory as an analytical tool.

Result:

Results show that pupils lacked strategies and methods for problem solving. The test result in cycle 1 showed that pupils improved their ability to work with problem-solving tasks when they participated in lessons dealing with the chosen object of learning. However, there was no significant improvement in cycle 2.

The participating educators' reflection on learning study was positive. They saw it as a privilege to collaborate around a specific learning object. They see learning study as a useful further training activity within school.

Specialteacher's role could be supervising, but also participating in a learning study. The results show that the learning study as a method and as a variation theory support special education teachers in their work to meet pupils with special needs in order to individualize the best way.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2011. , 52 p.
Keyword [sv]
problemlösning, learning study, variationsteori, strategier, speciallärare
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kau:diva-7603OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kau-7603DiVA: diva2:423781
Uppsok
Physics, Chemistry, Mathematics
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2011-07-06 Created: 2011-06-16 Last updated: 2011-07-06Bibliographically approved

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