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Sexuellt risktagande hos ungdomar
Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health, Social Work and Behavioural Sciences, School of Health and Caring Sciences.
Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health, Social Work and Behavioural Sciences, School of Health and Caring Sciences.
2011 (Swedish)Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [sv]



Sexualitet är en väsentlig del av att vara människa och varje individ har rätt till en trygg och hälsosam sexualitet. Upprepade studier påvisar dock förändrade sexualvanor hos ungdomar med mer tillåtande attityder och ett ökat risktagande kring sexualitet. Konsekvenserna av ett sexuellt risktagande kan bli allvarliga och det förebyggande arbetet blir alltmer viktigt.


Syftet med studien var att identifiera vilka faktorer som har samband med ett sexuellt risktagande hos ungdomar i årskurs 2 på gymnasiet, samt att undersöka om könsskillnader förelåg.


En empirisk studie med kvantitativ metod har använts. Studien bygger på ett redan insamlat material som är byggt på en enkätundersökning. Materialet har analyserats i statistikprogrammet SPSS (Statistical Package for the Social Sciences) och via Chi-square test testades där huvudvariabeln, >3 sexualpartners under det senaste året, mot relevanta variabler i enkäten. En logistisk regressionsanalys gjordes för att kunna utesluta eventuella slumpmässiga samband.


Alkoholkonsumtion, narkotikaanvändning och rökning var några av de faktorer som visade sig ha ett samband med ungdomarnas sexuella risktagande. Flertalet av riksfaktorerna skilde sig mellan könen, men alkoholkonsumtion var en gemensam riskfaktor för både flickor och pojkar.


Studien visar att följande faktorer kan leda till ett ökat sexuellt risktagande hos ungdomar: äter inte frukt, rökande storasyster, snusande bästis, använt narkotika, varit full/ varit full >3ggr, rökt vattenpipa, trivs inte med livet, röker, rökande mamma, rökande storasyster och snusar.

Abstract [en]



Sexuality is an essential part of human nature and each individual has the right to a safe and healthy sexuality. Repeated studies indicate, however, altered sexual behavior among adolescents, with more permissive attitudes and an increased risk taking concerning sexuality.

The consequences of a sexual risk behavior can become severe and the preventive work becomes increasingly important.


The purpose of this study was to identify factors associated with sexual risk taking among young people in Year 2 at high school, and to examine whether gender differences existed.


An empirical study using a quantitative method has been used. The study is based on an already collected material that is built on a survey. The material has been analyzed in the statistical program SPSS (Statistical Package for the Social Sciences) and by chi-square test the main variable, >3 sexual partners during the last year, was tested against relevant variables in the survey. This was accompanied by a univariate frequency analysis to ensure the distribution and a logistic regression analysis to exclude any apparent connection.


Alcohol consumption, drug use and smoking were factors that appeared to be related to young people's sexual risk taking. The factors that were most significantly differed between the sexes, but alcohol consumption were a common risk factor for both girls and boys.


The study shows that the following factors can lead to increased sexual risk-taking among young people: do not eat fruit, smoking big sister, snuff best friend, used drugs, been drunk /

been completed> 3 times, smoked hookah, not happy with life, smokes, smoking mother, smoking big sister and sniffs.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2011. , 17 p.
Keyword [en]
Adolescents, sexuality, risk behavior, risk taking
Keyword [sv]
Ungdomar, sexualitet, riskbeteende, risktagande
National Category
Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology Social Work
URN: urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-12361OAI: diva2:422195
Educational program
Midwifery Programme, 90 credits
Available from: 2011-06-13 Created: 2011-06-10 Last updated: 2013-03-18Bibliographically approved

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Hultgren Petersson, JennyDahlstedt, Louise
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