Growth and Phase Stability of Titanium Aluminum Nitride Deposited by High Power Impulse Magnetron Sputtering
Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 30 credits / 45 HE creditsStudent thesis
In this work, we investigate the relation between the diffusion behavior of Ti1-xAlxN at elevated temperatures and the microstructure. Thinfilm samples are synthesized by reactive co-sputtering with two cathodes. One cathode equipped with Ti target is connected to a highpower impulse magnetron sputtering (HiPIMS) power supply, and the other cathode equipped with Al target is operated with a directcurrent power source. The spinodal decomposition of cubic metastable Ti1-xAlxN controlled by thermally activated diffusion is observe fordiffusion behavior. Various HiPIMS pulsing frequencies are used to achieve different microstructure, while altered power applied to Altarget is used to change the Al content in films. In the phase composition analysis achieved by GI-XRD, the right-shift of (111) film peakalong with increasing Al-power is observed. A saturation of the right-shift and h-AlN peaks are also observed at certain Al-power. Thechemical composition determined by ERDA shows trends of reducing Al solubility limit in metastable phase and O contamination upondecreasing the pulsing frequency. More N deficiency is found in samples deposited with higher frequency. In the 500 Hz and 250 Hzsamples deposited into similar composition and thickness, no apparent difference of the microstructure is observed from the SEM crosssectionalimages. From HT-XRD, we observe higher intensity of TiO2 and h-AlN peaks in 500 Hz sample at elevated temperature ascompared with 250 Hz one. From the reduction of O contamination, denser Ti1-xAlxN films are able to be deposited with lower HiPIMSpulsing frequency. In addition, the higher intensity observed in HT-XRD patterns indicates that the 500 Hz sample is more open todiffusion and therefore allows the new formed phases to grow in larger grains.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2011. , 50 p.
HiPIMS, co-sputtering, diffusion, microstructure, spinodal decomposition, Ti1-xAlxN
Fusion, Plasma and Space Physics
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-68922ISRN: LiTH-IFM-A-EE--11/2535--SEOAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-68922DiVA: diva2:422123
Subject / course
2011-06-07, Röntgen P404, Physics Building, Linköping University, Linköping, 10:15 (English)
UppsokPhysics, Chemistry, Mathematics
Sarakinos, Kostas, Doctor
Helmersson, Ulf, Professor