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University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Electronics, Mathematics and Natural Sciences.
University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Electronics, Mathematics and Natural Sciences.
2011 (English)Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 30 credits / 45 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [en]

In recent years, ultra-wideband (UWB) radars are gaining popularity in the radar field mainly inindustrial and commercial areas. The UWB radar has the potential of dramatically improving thecontrol and surveillance of industrial processes in confined areas.The report provides an introduction to radar systems and detail working principle of M-sequenceUWB radar and methodology of how detection of targets is carried out. First two chapters of thereport describes the working of radar systems and M-sequence radar whereas in the later part ofthe report, different detection algorithms are discussed which has been implemented in thepresent radar simulations. In conventional radar the main detection algorithm is matched filteringwhere the transmitted signal is correlated with the received signal. Whereas UWB signal is nonsinusoidalthat is vulnerable to change in its shape during entire radar operation. This is thereason, the traditional signal processing methods like matched filtering or correlation process arenot advisable for UWB signals. Therefore, a different detection scheme known as Inter-periodcorrelation process (IPCP) has been studied.IPCP technique had been implemented and a comparison was made with the conventional targetdetection algorithm. On the basis of comparison made in this project, it has been observed thatthe conventional target detection methods are not effective in case of M-sequence UWB radar.The simulation results shows that by implementing IPCP method, performance close to 8-bitADC can be achievable with 1-bit comparator, also with IPCP implementation system resolutioncan be enhance effectively.Main focus was to analyze how close the system can detect two targets, therefore in all themeasurements i.e. practical and simulated measurements, only two targets were used.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2011. , 74 p.
Keyword [en]
M sequence UWB radar, Multiple target detection, UWB radar
URN: urn:nbn:se:hig:diva-9374Archive number: TEX101129OAI: diva2:421723
Subject / course
Educational program
Electronics/Telecommunications – master’s programme (two years) (swe or eng)
Available from: 2011-06-22 Created: 2011-06-09 Last updated: 2011-06-22Bibliographically approved

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