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Democratization Process in the Middle East: - The Example of Lebanon
Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School. Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Political Science.
2010 (English)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [en]

The purpose of this thesis is to evaluate the democratization process in the Middle East after 9/11. After 9/11 the US made a drastic change in their foreign policy towards the Middle East aiming on a “Freedom Agenda and fighting the “war on Terrorism” to ensure their national security.  Therefore, the main effort of the policy was made on democracy promotion in the Middle East in order for the Bush Administration to achieve their goals. Democracy is a widely used concept in the West describing a ruling system that secures peace and stability since it ensures the citizens all their freedoms and human rights. A definition of democracy and its arenas will be given according to the definition of Linz and Stephan with a main focus on Civil and Political Society. Lebanon will be brought up as an example of a somehow democratic Middle Easter Country. The Lebanese political system is based on confessionalism thus it is important to show how democracy is preserved within Lebanon presenting both the civil and political society within the country. The study in question shows how the US approached the region and which efforts were made in the democratization process in the Arab Middle East and it will also deal with the outcome 9/11 had on the Lebanese-US relation.

The conclusion of the thesis showed that the Bush Administrations new foreign Policy faced many backlashes. Even though the US managed to overthrow the Taliban’s and remove Saddam’s Regime, the policy’s main goal of achieving democracy in the Middle East was not successful. In the case of Lebanon the research concludes that to achieve a successful democratic policy the Lebanese strong confessional structures must be combined with the fundamentals of democracy. It further showed that there has not been a drastic change in the Lebanese-US relation due to 9/11.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2010. , 65 p.
Keyword [en]
Civil Society, Democracy, Democratization Process, Lebanon, Lebanese-US Relation, Middle East, Political Society
Keyword [sv]
Civil samhället, Demokrati, Demokratiseringsprocessen, Libanon, Libanesiska-Amerikanska Relationen, Mellanöstern, Politiska samhället
National Category
Political Science (excluding Public Administration Studies and Globalization Studies)
URN: urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-15258OAI: diva2:421106
Subject / course
IHH, Political Science
Social and Behavioural Science, Law
Available from: 2011-06-16 Created: 2011-06-07 Last updated: 2011-06-16Bibliographically approved

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Jönköping International Business SchoolJIBS, Political Science
Political Science (excluding Public Administration Studies and Globalization Studies)

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