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En Studie i Optimism, Lycka och Livstillfredsställelse
Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Disciplinary Research.
2011 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [sv]

Syftet med denna studie var att inom den positiva psykologins ramar se hur optimism (LOT-r, Scheier, Carver, & Bridges, 1994) förhåller sig till lyckonivå (OHQ, Hills & Argyle 2002) och livstillfredsställelse (SWLS, Diener, Emmons, Larsen & Griffin, 1985) och om detta skiljer sig i kön, civilstånd och ålder. Studien undersökte också vad som gör individer lyckliga. Urvalet var av snöbollsmetoden och 106 respondenter deltog där 47 var män och 59 var kvinnor. Civilstånd delades upp i tre kategorier, gifta/sambo, särbo och ensamstående. Ålder delades upp i tre kategorier, 18-29, 30-49 och 50-74. Den statistiska analysen gjordes med icke-parametriska test. Resultatet visade att optimism korrelerade positivt med lyckonivå och livstillfredsställelse i alla kategorier förutom för särbo där det inte fanns någon korrelation mellan optimism och livstillfredsställelse. Det fanns en signifikant skillnad i ålderskategorin i avseende på livstillfredsställelse. Det som gjorde individer lyckliga var familj (51.5%), vänner/umgänge (36.4) och fritid (35.4%).

Abstract [en]

The aim of this study was, on the basis of the positive psychology perspective, to investigate how optimism (LOT-r, Scheier, Carver, & Bridges, 1994) relates to happiness (OHQ, Hills & Argyle 2002) and life satisfaction (SWLS, Diener, Emmons, Larsen & Griffin, 1985) and the influence of gender, age and marital status. The study also examined what makes people happy. The selection was made by the snowball method and 106 respondents participated in which 47 were male and 59 were women. Marital status was divided into three categories, married / partner, live-apart and single. Age was divided into three categories, 18-29, 30-49 and 50-74. Statistical analyses were made with non-parametric tests. The results showed that optimism was correlated positively with happiness and life satisfaction in all categories except for the live-apart where there was no correlation between optimism and life satisfaction. There were significant differences in the age group in terms of life satisfaction. What made people happy were family (51.5%), friends / relations (36.4) and leisure (35.4%).

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2011. , 29 p.
Keyword [sv]
positiv psykologi, optimism, lycka, livstillfredsställelse
National Category
Psychology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-15233OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hj-15233DiVA: diva2:420963
Subject / course
HLK, Psychology
Uppsok
Social and Behavioural Science, Law
Available from: 2011-06-09 Created: 2011-06-03 Last updated: 2013-12-19Bibliographically approved

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Rostedt, Maria
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