This thesis provides a comparison of the old Planning and Building act (PBA) from 1987 with the new PBA, which entered into force in May 2011. The essay consists of a descriptive part that presents the regulation of both laws. The new PBA consists of several differences compared to previous regulation. This thesis will, however, primarily be centred around the regulation regarding building permit appeals and the possibility of building permit, to gain legal force.
In the old PBL, there were no regulations that result in a building permit decision could be made effective. Instead, a building permit could, long after the decision had been made, be over-challenged. This could, in extreme cases, lead to the new building had to be demolished and the rules on appeals of building permits was therefore not safe. To eliminate the problem of appealing far after the decision was made the new PBA introduced rules which made it possible for building permits to gain legal force. The Act aims is to simplify and make the planning application process more effective. By introducing a ruling which means that a building permits can gain legal force, the aims was regarded as fulfilled.
The question that arise is whether the new rules are complete and what the consequences of the new rulings are. As mentioned above the rules, which make it possible for a decision to gain legal force, is to simplify and make the building permit process more effective but also to protect the building permit decisions to be appealed afterwards. To simplify and make the rules more effective is something positive. However, there are also some disadvantages. The municipality's costs will be higher by the increased demands on information to interested parties.
The legislators believed that there was a need for a rule that allowed a building permit decision to be gain legal force. However, this rule is not considered to be complete. It may still be situations where an appeal against a planning permission decision can be handed in after a long time. This can occur when the local authority (through building committee) make an incorrect judgement, which means that the notification is not done to the people who really have a right to be heard.
2011. , 40 p.