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Comparison of real-time PCR assays for screening of meticillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Medical Biochemistry and Microbiology.
2011 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [en]

Staphylococcus aureus belongs to the normal flora. Many healthy people are colonized by the bacterium mainly in the nose but also on the skin and on other mucous membranes without showing symptoms. After damage to the skin, the bacterium can enter the wound and cause infections. Methicillin-resistant S. aureus (MRSA) is resistant to b-lactam antibiotics such as penicillin and methicillin. The gene that gives resistance characteristic of MRSA is the mecA-gene. MRSA strains are spread in both hospitals and in the community, and it is important to identify these bacteria with rapid and sensitive methods. In this study, Taq Man RT-qPCR was compared with SYBR Green RT-qPCR (LightCycler480, Roche) to explore which method had the best sensitivity with the least working hours. In addition, Bullet for automated DNA extraction and CAS 1200 ™ for automated pipetting of the samples were evaluated. Twelve patient isolates and 232 patient samples for MRSA screening were included in the study. The results showed that the primers were of major importance for the outcome of the amplification. It was also shown that the Ct-values were clearly lower when the Bullet, CAS 1200 ™ and LightCycler480 were combined compared with manual DNA extraction, manual pipetting and the Rotor-Gene 6000. In future, the former method will be used by the laboratory when screening patient samples for MRSA.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2011. , 29 p.
Keyword [en]
Staphylococcus aureus, nuc-gene, mecA-gene, SYBR Green RT-qPCR and Ct-value
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-154460OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-154460DiVA: diva2:420557
Educational program
Biomedicinska analytikerprogrammet
Uppsok
Medicine
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2011-06-08 Created: 2011-06-01 Last updated: 2011-06-08Bibliographically approved

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