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Dagkirurgiska patienters upplevelser av anestesi och kirurgi
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences.
2011 (Swedish)Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [sv]

Dagkirurgi blir allt vanligare. Då det genomförs under generell anestesi förekommer ofta oro och postoperativa komplikationer som smärta och illamående. Patienters tillfredsställelse med dagkirurgi och anestesi har tidigare studerats, men ofta med enkäter av låg kvalité. Syftet med denna studie var därför att med hjälp av intervjuer studera dagkirurgiska patienters upplevelse av anestesi och kirurgi. Sju patienter intervjuades. Intervjuerna var kvalitativa och analyserades med innehållsanalys. Resultatet kan sammanfattas i ett övergripande tema: förberedda patienter ser dagkirurgi som en positiv upplevelse. Domänen före operation beskrevs av kategorierna: viktigt med information, mycket tankar inför operation, smidigt insomnande och vissa obehagliga moment. Domänen efter operation beskrevs av kategorin: lugnt uppvaknande. Domänen total upplevelse beskrevs av kategorierna: kommunikation med personal ger lugn samt dagkirurgi en positiv upplevelse. Patienter som med hjälp av förberedande information och personalens goda bemötande och som genomgår dagkirurgi under generell anestesi, ser upplevelsen som positiv. De kommer in till sjukhuset med mer förhoppningar än oroskänslor. Informationen som ges behöver anpassas individuellt. Förekomsten av smärta och illamående är låg den närmsta tiden efter dagkirurgi.

Abstract [en]

Day surgery is becoming more common and with general anesthesia, anxiety and postoperative complications such as pain and nausea has been described. Patient satisfaction with day surgery and anesthesia are previously studied, but often with surveys of low quality. The purpose of this study was therefore with interviews study patients’ experience of anesthesia and surgery in day surgery. Seven patients were interviewed. The interviews were qualitative and analyzed using content analysis. The result can be summarized in a theme: prepared patients describe day surgery as a positive experience. The domain before surgery was described by the categories: importance of information, many thoughts before surgery, fell asleep easily and some uncomfortable moments. The domain after surgery was described by the category: peacefully awakening. The domain total experience was described by the categories: communication with nursing staff reduces anxiety and day surgery a positive experience. Patients with the help of preparatory information and good interactions with the nursing staff and who are undergoing day surgery with general anesthesia, describe the experience as positive. They come to the hospital with more hope than anxiety. The information needs to be individually adjusted. The presence of pain and nausea is low immediately after day surgery.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2011. , 44 p.
Keyword [en]
ambulatory surgery procedures, patient satisfaction, general anesthesia
Keyword [sv]
dagkirurgiska tekniker, patienttillfredsställelse, generell anestesi
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-154418OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-154418DiVA: diva2:420373
Subject / course
Caring Sciences
Educational program
Specialistsjuksköterskeprogrammet med inriktining mot anestesisjukvård
Uppsok
Medicine
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2011-06-22 Created: 2011-06-01 Last updated: 2011-06-22Bibliographically approved

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