Förbättrad muskelfunktion och balans hos äldre kvinnor efter sex veckors funktionell träning
Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Improved balance and muscle function with elderly women after six weeks of functional exercise (English)
Sweden is the country that has got the largest amount of elderly in the adult population in the world. The physical activity level decreases as we grow old and we experience muscle mass loss and a bone density reduction. This leads to an increased risk for falls and subsequent fractures. The purpose of this study was to investigate whether an exercise program could affect muscle function and balance ability to prevent falls. 17 women (age 64-79) participated in this study and was assigned to a control group (n=7) and an intervention group (n=10). The subjects were physically active on a regular basis (3-5 times per week). The participants performed three tests, Timed Up & Go (TUG), Berg Balance Scale (BBS) and One Leg Stance (OLS), and answered questionnaires. During a sex week period the intervention group performed group training three times a week. The training program was based on functional exercises to strengthen the lower extremities. The results of the intervention group showed a significant (p≤0, 05) difference in all tests, except the TUG. The control group only showed a significant difference on one test from pre- to post testing. The hypothesis of increased muscle function and confidence of one’s ability was met. It was concluded that the present training program with functional exercises can be used to prevent falls.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2011. , 56 p.
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:hh:diva-15223OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hh-15223DiVA: diva2:420351
Subject / course
Biomedicine Targeting Physical Education