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Left behind: A review of therapist and process variables influencing dropout from individual psychotherapy
Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
2011 (English)Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [en]

Dropping out from psychotherapy is a complex phenomenon that has impact on the mental health of the dropout patients primarily and the mental health care secondarily and needs to be understood from many different angles. Among potential predictors, patient variables are so far most thoroughly examined. This tends to simplify the causal explanations that may result in adjustment of treatment procedures that are inadequate for addressing the problem. The aim of this review is to examine the current state of knowledge about therapist and process factors influencing dropout from individual psychotherapy. After electronic searches in databases 40 relevant studies published 2000–2011 were identified. The results show that the therapist skills and degree of education and experience has a great impact on dropout rates, psychotherapeutic progress and outcome, and the quality of alliance and relationship. The conclusions are that the therapists need training, peer and organisational support for accomplishment and enhancement.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2011. , 24 p.
Keyword [en]
therapist, dropout, individual psychotherapy, predictors, training, support
National Category
Psychology Applied Psychology
URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-58338OAI: diva2:420226
2011-04-29, U22, Frescati Hagväg 8, Stockholm, 14:00 (Swedish)
Social and Behavioural Science, Law
Available from: 2011-06-07 Created: 2011-05-31 Last updated: 2011-06-07Bibliographically approved

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