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Sjuksköterskors upplevelser av hur tidsbrist och stress påverkar deras välmående.: En kvalitativ studie på akutmottagningen på Akademiska sjukhuset.
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences.
2011 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [sv]

 

Nyckelord:

Akutmottagning, sjuksköterska, tidsfaktorer, stress, välmående

 

Bakgrund:

Stress och tidsbrist är vanligt förekommande inom sjukvården, och arbetet som sjuksköterska på akutmottagning genererar höga nivåer av stress.

 

Syfte:

Att undersöka hur sjuksköterskor på en akutmottagning upplever att tidsbrist och stress påverkar deras välmående.

 

Metod:

Kvalitativ studie där tolv stycken semistrukturerade intervjuer utfördes med sjuksköterskor på akutmottagningen på Akademiska sjukhuset. Intervjuerna analyserades med latent innehållanalys enligt Graneheim och Lundman samt Aaron Antonovskys hälsomodell.

 

Huvudresultat:

Sjuksköterskornas intervjuer resulterade i fyra kategorier och tio underkategorier vilka tillsammans bildade två domäner och ett tema. Kategorier som erhölls var hanterbarhet, meningsfullhet, begriplighet samt brist på hanterbarhet. Sjuksköterskornas välmående påverkades positivt av stress som upplevdes som hanterbar, meningsfull och begriplig, medan välmåendet påverkades negativt av brist på hanterbarhet. Tidsbrist påverkade sjuksköterskornas välmående endast negativt.

 

Slutsats:

Tidsbrist påverkade sjuksköterskornas välmående negativt, medan sjuksköterskorna upplevde att stress kunde ha både positiv och negativ inverkan på deras välmående. 

Abstract [en]

Keywords:

Emergency Service, Hospital, Nurse, Occupational stress, Time factors, Mental health.

 

Background:

Stress and lack of time often occur in medical care treatment, and working as a nurse at the hospital´s emergency service generates high levels of stress.

 

Aim:

To explore nurses´ perceptions about how lack of time and occupational stress at a hospital´s emergency service affect their mental health.

Method:

A qualitative study with twelve semi structured interviews with nurses were carried out at Uppsala University Hospital´s emergency service. The interviews were analysed with latent content analysis according to Graneheim and Lundman, and Aaron Antonovsky`s health model.

 

Main results:

The interviews with the nurses lead to four categories and ten sub categories which altogether made two domains and one theme. The categories that were derived were manageability, meaningfulness, comprehensibility and lack of manageability. The nurses’ mental health was affected in a positive way by stress which was perceived as manageable, meaningful and comprehensable, while a lack of manageability affected the mental health in a negative way. Lack of time affected the nurses’ mental health only in a negative way.

Conclusions:

Lack of time affected the nurses´ mental health in a negative way, while the nurses experienced that stress could affect their mental health both in a positive and a negative way.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2011. , 35 p.
Keyword [en]
Emergency Service, Hospital, Nurse, Occupational stress, Time factors, Mental health
Keyword [sv]
Akutmottagning, sjuksköterska, tidsfaktorer, stress, välmående
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-154311OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-154311DiVA: diva2:419970
Subject / course
Caring Sciences
Educational program
Registered Nurse Programme
Uppsok
Medicine
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2011-06-01 Created: 2011-05-30 Last updated: 2011-06-01Bibliographically approved

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