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Patienters upplevelser av att leva med dialysbehandling och väntan på njurtransplantation: - en litteraturstudie
University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies. University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies. University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
2011 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [sv]

Syftet med denna litteraturstudie var att beskriva patientens upplevelser av att leva med dialysbehandling samt väntan på njurtransplantation. Litteratursökningar gjordes i databasen Medline. Studiens resultat baserades på 12 vetenskapliga artiklar som granskades, analyserades och sammanställdes av båda författarna. Resultatet visade att upplevelser av begränsningar i livet till följd av dialysbehandling var vanligt förekommande. Många patienter led av fatigue och brist på energi vilket resulterade i inaktivitet och svårigheter att orka med vardagliga sysslor. Patienterna upplevde sorg, oro och känslor av rollförluster. Ett bra bemötande och att bli sedda som enskilda individer upplevdes som viktigt i mötet med vården. Patienterna hanterade sin situation med hjälp av bland annat acceptans eller hopp om framtiden. Att leva i väntan på njurtransplantation upplevdes påfrestande och väntetiden beskrevs som om livet stod still. Känslor av oro och osäkerhet var vanligt förekommande men många levde på hoppet om att en dag få en ny njure. Sammanfattningsvis påverkas dialyspatienter såväl fysiskt, psykiskt som socialt av sin behandling och väntan på en eventuell transplantation. Det är därför av stor vikt att sjuksköterskan är medveten om dessa patienters upplevelser för att kunna ge god och individuell omvårdnad.

Abstract [en]

The aim of this literature study was to describe experiences of patients undergoing dialysis and awaiting kidney transplantation. Searches were carried out in the database Medline. The result of this study was based on 12 scientific articles which were reviewed, analyzed and compiled by both authors. Experiences of limitations in life due to dialysis treatment were common. Many patients suffered from fatigue and lack of energy which resulted in inactivity and difficulty managing everyday tasks. They experienced grief, anxiety and feelings of role losses. A good attitude and being seen as individuals was considered important in nursing care. Patients managed their situation with help of otherwise acceptance or hope for the future. Awaiting a kidney transplant was experienced as stressful and the waiting time was described as if life stood still. Emotions of anxiety and uncertainty were common but many lived in hope of one day undergo a transplant. In conclusion, dialysis patients are affected both physically, mentally and socially due to their treatment and awaiting a possible transplant. Therefore it is of great importance that the nurse is aware of these patients’ experiences in order to provide good and individual care.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2011.
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hig:diva-9304Archive number: SSKHk08/vt11nr28OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hig-9304DiVA: diva2:419746
Subject / course
Nursing science
Educational program
Nursing
Uppsok
Social and Behavioural Science, Law
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2011-05-30 Created: 2011-05-27 Last updated: 2011-05-30Bibliographically approved

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Patienters upplevelser av att leva med dialysbehandling och väntan på njurtransplantation - en litteraturstudie(353 kB)457 downloads
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