Semantic Mapping with Mobile Robots
2011 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
After decades of unrealistic predictions and expectations, robots have finally escaped from industrial workplaces and made their way into our homes,offices, museums and other public spaces. These service robots are increasingly present in our environments and many believe that it is in the area ofservice and domestic robotics that we will see the largest growth within thenext few years. In order to realize the dream of robot assistants performing human-like tasks together with humans in a seamless fashion, we need toprovide them with the fundamental capability of understanding complex, dynamic and unstructured environments. More importantly, we need to enablethem the sharing of our understanding of space to permit natural cooper-ation. To this end, this thesis addresses the problem of building internalrepresentations of space for artificial mobile agents populated with humanspatial semantics as well as means for inferring that semantics from sensoryinformation. More specifically, an extensible approach to place classificationis introduced and used for mobile robot localization as well as categorizationand extraction of spatial semantic concepts from general place appearance andgeometry. The models can be incrementally adapted to the dynamic changesin the environment and employ efficient ways for cue integration, sensor fu-sion and confidence estimation. In addition, a system and representationalapproach to semantic mapping is presented. The system incorporates and in-tegrates semantic knowledge from multiple sources such as the geometry andgeneral appearance of places, presence of objects, topology of the environmentas well as human input. A conceptual map is designed and used for modelingand reasoning about spatial concepts and their relations to spatial entitiesand their semantic properties. Finally, the semantic mapping algorithm isbuilt into an integrated robotic system and shown to substantially enhancethe performance of the robot on the complex task of active object search. Thepresented evaluations show the effectiveness of the system and its underlyingcomponents and demonstrate applicability to real-world problems in realistichuman settings.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: KTH Royal Institute of Technology , 2011. , xiii, 52 p.
Trita-CSC-A, ISSN 1653-5723 ; 2011:10
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-34171ISBN: 978-91-7501-039-7 (print)OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-34171DiVA: diva2:419628
2011-06-10, Sal F3, Lindstedtsvägen 26, KTH, Stockholm, 13:00 (English)
Little, Jim, Professor
Jensfelt, Patric, Professor
QC 201105272011-05-272011-05-272011-05-27Bibliographically approved
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