Follow-up of adults with congenitally malformed hearts with focus on individualised and computer-based education and psychosocial support: A descriptive and interventional study
2011 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Background and aims: Many adults with congenitally malformed hearts are at risk for complications such as decreased function and capacity of the heart due to the heart defect and previously surgery. This advocates self-management behaviours related to medical treatments, physical activity, preventions of endocarditis, some restrictions regarding suitable employment and spare time activities, birth control and pregnancy, but also lifestyle concerns such as refraining from smoking and healthy eating. Sufficient knowledge and support are requirements for successful self-management. The overall aim of this thesis was to describe educational needs, develop a tool for assessing knowledge and to evaluate the effects of a follow-up model providing education and psychosocial support to adults with congenitally malformed hearts.
Subjects and methods: Adults (≥18 years of age) with the ten most common heart defects namely ventricular septal defect, atrial septal defect, coarctation of the aortae, aortic valve stenosis (defined as uncomplicated heart defects) and tetralogy of Fallot, complete transposition of the great arteries, congenitally corrected transposition of the great arteries, Ebstein anomaly and Eisenmenger syndrome (defined as complicated heart defects) were included in the studies. To apprehend the educational needs (I), sixteen adults with heart malformations, ranging from 19-55 years of age, were interviewed and data were analysed qualitatively using phenomenographic method. As a tool to evaluate knowledge, an instrument named Knowledge scale for adults with Congenital Malformed Hearts (KnoCoMH) was developed and psychometrically evaluated (II) in 19 + 114 adults with the ten most common heart defects average age 34 ± 13.5. A model for follow-up was described and initially evaluated (III) by 55 adults with the most common heart defects and finally tested in a randomised controlled trial (IV) with a total of 114 adults with congenitally malformed hearts (56 participants in intervention group and 58 in control group with average age 34 ± 13.5). The intervention group recived a model for follow-up with individualise and computer-based eduction and psychosocial support by a multidisciplinary team.
Results: Two-way communication when given information was found to be crucial in order to enhance knowledge (I). Knowledge was seen as a tool for managing important areas in life. The KnoCoMH (II) was found to be a valid and reliable scale and can now be used to estimate knowledge in adults with congenitally malformed hearts. The model for follow-up (III) was effective in improving and maintaining knowledge (IV) about self-management in adults with heart malformation.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Linköping: Linköping University Electronic Press , 2011. , 109 p.
Linköping University Medical Dissertations, ISSN 0345-0082 ; 1239
Congenital heart disease, education, information, instrument development, multidisciplinary team, nursing, phenomenography, psychometrics
Medical and Health Sciences
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-68677ISBN: 978-91-7393-189-2OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-68677DiVA: diva2:419585
2011-06-01, Berzeliussalen, Campus US, Linköpings universitet, Linköping, 09:00 (Swedish)
Eriksson, Peter, Docent
Swahn, Eva, ProfessorStrömberg, Anna, ProfessorNielsen, Niels Erik, Dr.
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