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Egenvård och livskvalitet för patienter med diabetes typ 2
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences.
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences.
2011 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Self-management and quality of life for patients with diabetes type 2 (English)
Abstract [sv]

Syfte:

Syftet med studien var att undersöka hur patienter med diabetes typ 2 utförde sin egenvård och hur de upplevde sin livskvalitet utifrån utförda egenvårdsåtgärder.

Metod:

Detta arbete var en explorativ studie och utformad efter en kvalitativ metod. Datainsamlingen genomfördes på en vårdcentral där nio patienter med diabetes typ 2 intervjuades. Patienterna fick själva avgöra deltagande genom att kontakta vårdcentralen. Data strukturerades med en innehållsanalys.

Resultat:

Studien resulterade i fyra kategorier vilka var upplevelse av egenvård, upplevelse av livskvalitet, egenvårdsåtgärder och livskvalitet samt diabetes typ 2 och livskvalitet. De utförda egenvårdsåtgärderna var främst kost och fysisk aktivitet men även fotvård, synundersökningar, stresshantering, blodsockermätning, hålla en konstant vikt och undvika visceralt fett samt vara uppdaterad inom diabetes typ 2. Majoriteten av informanterna upplevde att deras livskvalitet inte påverkades negativt av egenvårdsåtgärderna. En minoritet kände en viss påfrestning av att behöva ha dessa egenvårdsåtgärder i åtanke. Det framgick även att enstaka upplevde bättre livskvalitet relaterat till sjukdomen.

Slutsats:

Diabetes typ 2 är en folksjukdom vilken kommer att öka nationellt och internationellt. De vanligaste egenvårdsåtgärderna en patient med diabetes utför är fysisk aktivitet och kost. Sammanfattningsvis upplevdes egenvårdsåtgärder inte påverka patienternas livskvalitet. Däremot upplevde enstaka patienter en viss påfrestning gällande utförandet av egenvårdsåtgärder.

Abstract [en]

Aim:

The aim of the study was to investigate how patients with diabetes type 2 performed their self-management and how they experienced their quality of life related to the fulfilled self-management.

Method:

This study was an explorative study composed after a qualitative method. The data were gathered at a care center with interviews and remained of nine patients who had diabetes type 2. The patients decided participation by contacting the care center. The data were processed with a content analysis.

Result:

The study was classified in four categories; experience of self-management, experience of quality of life, intervention of self-management with quality of life and diabetes type 2 with quality of life. The most common interventions were diet and physical activity, also care of the feet, vision screening, stress management, measure the blood glucose, not gain any more weight or avoid visceral fat and to be updated within the subject. The majority of the informants perceived that their quality of life not was affected adversely by the interventions. Some felt distress having to think about all the essential interventions. It also appeared that some informants experienced a better quality of life related to the disease.

Conclusion:

Diabetes type 2 is a widespread disease which will increase all over the world. The most common and most important interventions of self-management is diet and physical activity. In summary the interventions did not influence on the patients quality of life. However, some patients experienced tension to do the interventions of self-management.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2011. , 32 p.
Keyword [en]
Diabetes type 2, self-management, quality of life
Keyword [sv]
Diabetes typ 2, egenvård, livskvalitet
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-154047OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-154047DiVA: diva2:418912
Subject / course
Caring Sciences
Educational program
Registered Nurse Programme
Uppsok
Medicine
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2011-06-01 Created: 2011-05-24 Last updated: 2011-06-01Bibliographically approved

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