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"Vi vet ju trots allt bäst hur vi lär oss": En aktionsforskningstudie om högstadieelevers beskrivningar av delaktighet
Halmstad University, School of Teacher Education (LUT).
2011 (Swedish)Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [sv]

I läroplanens inledande del lyfts betydelsen av att elever aktivt får delta i planering och utvärdering av undervisningen och utveckla sin förmåga utöva inflytande och ta ansvar i skolan. Tidigare forskning visar att skolan inte lyckats i detta uppdrag. Studien är en del av en aktion vars utvecklingsfokus varit att öka elevers delaktighet i projektarbetsformen. Studien vill belysa elevdelaktighet ur elevernas perspektiv, vilken betydelse och vilket värde delaktighet har för eleverna, samt hur de anser att den fungerar i praktiken. Forskningsfrågan är: Hur beskriver elever delaktighet i skolan? Studiens syfte är att belysa elevdelaktighet ur elevernas perspektiv, för att förstå vilken betydelse och vilket värde delaktighet har för eleverna, samt hur de anser att den fungerar i praktiken.

Data har skapats genom elevers loggboksskrivande om delaktighet och uppföljande samtal med elever, som analyserats genom dimensioner av delaktighet; innehållsdimension, drivkrafts-dimension och samspelsdimension.

Elevers beskrivningar av delaktighet är i lika mån beskrivningar av lärandet. Resultatet visar att delaktighet ger mening till elevernas lärande. Den individuella valfriheten är motiverande för eleverna. Det absolut viktigaste för eleverna att få vara delaktiga i är lärandets innehålls- och formfrågor. Delaktighet beskrivs av eleverna både ur ett individuellt och ett kollektivt perspektiv. Studiens resultat bekräftar Illeris och Wengers teorier om lärandets samspel och socialt lärande.

Abstract [en]

In the introductory part of the Curriculum for the Compulsory School, the importance of pupils participation in the planning and the evaluation of their education is highlighted. Also to develop their ability to participate and to take responsibility in school is highlighted. Earlier research shows that the school has failed in this mission. This study is a part of an action, which developing focus has been to increase the pupils participation in project based learning. The intention of the study is to throw light upon pupils participation from the pupils view, what meaning and what value do the pupils give participation, and how do they think it is working in practice. The research question is: How do pupils describe participation in school? The purpose of the study is to highlight pupils participation from the pupils' view, to understand what meaning and value it gives to the pupils', and how they think it works in practice.

Data has been produced by the pupils by writing logbooks about participation and by follow-up conversation with the same pupils. The empirics have been analyzed throw dimensions of participation; the dimension of content, the dimension of motive power and the dimension of cooperation. The pupils descriptions' of participation are also descriptions about learning. The result shows that participation gives meaning to the pupils learning. The individual freedom of choice is motivating for the pupils. The most important area for the pupils to participate in, is the content and the form of learning-area. Participation is described both from an individual and a collective perspective by the pupils. The results of the study confirm Illeris and Wengers theories about cooperative learning and social learning.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2011. , 69 p.
Keyword [en]
pupils participation, action research, dimensions of learning, project based method, em-powerment
Keyword [sv]
elevdelaktighet, aktionsforskning, lärodimensioner, projektarbetsmetoden, empower-ment
National Category
Social Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hh:diva-15131OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hh-15131DiVA: diva2:418889
Subject / course
Education Science
Uppsok
Social and Behavioural Science, Law
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2011-06-13 Created: 2011-05-24 Last updated: 2011-08-08Bibliographically approved

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