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Influence of γ-radiation on the reactivity of Montmorillonite towards H2O2
KTH, School of Chemical Science and Engineering (CHE), Chemistry, Nuclear Chemistry.
KTH, School of Chemical Science and Engineering (CHE), Chemistry, Nuclear Chemistry.ORCID iD: 0000-0003-0663-0751
KTH, School of Chemical Science and Engineering (CHE), Chemistry, Nuclear Chemistry.
2012 (English)In: Radiation Physics and Chemistry, ISSN 0969-806X, Vol. 81, no 2, 190-194 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Compacted and water saturated bentonite will be used as an engineered barrier in deep geological repositories for radioactive waste in many countries. Due to the high dose rate of ionizing radiation outside the canisters holding the nuclear waste, radiolysis of the interlayer and pore water in the compacted bentonite is unavoidable. Upon reaction with the oxidizing and reducing species formed by water radiolysis (OH•, e-(aq), H•, H202, H2, H02•, H30+), the overall redox properties in the bentonite barrier may change. In this study the influence of γ-radiation on the structural Fe(II)/Fe(III) content in montmorillonite and its reactivity towards hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) was investigated in parallel experiments. The results show that under anoxic conditions the structural Fe(II)/FeTot ratio of dispersed montmorillonite are increased from ≤ 3 to 25-30% after γ-doses comparable to repository conditions. Furthermore, a strong correlation between the structural Fe(II)/FeTot ratio and the H2O2 decomposition rate in montmorillonite dispersions was found. This correlation was further verified in experiments with consecutive H2O2 additions, since the structural Fe(II)/FeTot ratio was seen to decrease concordantly. This work shows that the structural iron in montmorillonite could be a sink for one of the major oxidants formed upon water radiolysis in the bentonite barrier, H2O2.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2012. Vol. 81, no 2, 190-194 p.
Keyword [en]
Bentonite, Montmorillonite, Radiation-induced effects, Hydrogen peroxide, Nuclear waste
National Category
Chemical Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-34043DOI: 10.1016/j.radphyschem.2011.10.009ISI: 000298977700014ScopusID: 2-s2.0-81255154501OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-34043DiVA: diva2:418864
Note
Updated from submitted to published 20120327. QC 20120327Available from: 2011-06-08 Created: 2011-05-24 Last updated: 2012-03-27Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. The Bentonite Barrier: Microstructural properties and the influence of γ-radiation
Open this publication in new window or tab >>The Bentonite Barrier: Microstructural properties and the influence of γ-radiation
2011 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: KTH Royal Institute of Technology, 2011. iv, 81 p.
Series
Trita-CHE-Report, ISSN 1654-1081 ; 2011:38
National Category
Inorganic Chemistry
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-34048 (URN)978-91-7501-001-4 (ISBN)
Public defence
2011-06-15, F2, entréplan, Lindstedtsvägen 28, KTH, Stockholm, 10:00 (English)
Opponent
Supervisors
Note
QC 20110608Available from: 2011-06-08 Created: 2011-05-24 Last updated: 2011-08-10Bibliographically approved

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