Development of quantitative PCR methods for diagnosis of bacterial vaginosis and vaginal yeast infection
Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
Vaginitis is a vaginal infection which affects many women all over the world. The disorder is characterized by an infection of the vaginal area which can cause problems like abnormal vaginal discharge, itching and redness.
The two most common causes of vaginitis are bacterial vaginosis and Candida vaginitis. The prevalence of bacterial vaginosis in Sweden is around 10-20 % and approximately 75 % of all women will once in their lifetime suffer from vaginal yeast infection.
The clinical symptoms of vaginal infections are not specific and the diagnosis methods of bacterial vaginosis and Candida vaginitis are subjective and depended on the acuity of the clinician. Due to the lack of standardized and objective diagnostic tools, misdiagnosis and consequently incorrect treatment may occur.
As vaginal infections and symptoms impact greatly of women´s quality of life and vaginitis have been associated with serious public health consequences, it is essential to diagnose and treat the conditions correctly. Hence, there is a great need of better methods of diagnosing these conditions.
The aim of this master thesis was to develop quantitative species-specific real-time PCR assays to use in diagnosing the two most common causes of vaginitis i.e. bacterial vaginosis and Candida vaginitis.
Potential markers for bacterial vaginosis (Atopobium vaginae, BVAB2, Gardnerella vaginalis, Lactobacillus crispatus, Lactobacillus gasseri, Lactobacillus jensenii, Lactobacillus iners, Megasphaera type 1, Megasphaera type 2, Mobiluncus curtisii, Mobiluncus mulieris and Leptotrichia/Sneathia species) and Candida vaginitis (Candida albicans, Candida glabrata, Candida parapsilosis and Candida tropicalis) were chosen. Primers and probes were designed and tested on reference strains and vaginal samples. Single- and multiplex PCR reactions were successfully optimized with the designed oligonucleotides. Furthermore, standard curves with excellent linearity were created and covered more than five orders of magnitude. These developed quantitative species-specific real-time PCR assays will, in a prospective medical validation, quantify 300 vaginal samples from women visiting the RFSU Clinic in Stockholm.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2011. , 59 p.
Vaginitis, bacterial vaginosis, Candida, Lactobacillus, real-time PCR
Industrial Biotechnology Other Industrial Biotechnology
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-68269ISRN: LiU-IKE-EX—11/002--SEOAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-68269DiVA: diva2:417228
Subject / course
2011-03-14, Onkologsalen, O-huset, Linköping, 09:00 (Swedish)
Farnebäck, Malin, Ph.D
Lindgren, Per-Eric, Professor