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High-Resolution Analysis of Optical and Physical Dot Gain
Linköping University, Department of Science and Technology, Media and Information Technology. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology. (Media and Information Technology)
Linköping University, Department of Science and Technology, Media and Information Technology. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology. (Media and Information Technology)
2010 (English)In: Proc. TAGA (Technical Association of the Graphic Arts), Sewickley, PA, USA: Technical Association of the Graphic Arts , 2010, 399-408 p.Conference paper (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

The printed dots appear bigger than the dots in the original digital bitmap. This is partly because of the spreading and penetrating of the ink on and in the paper, called physical dot gain, and partly because of the diffusion of the light in paper, which is referred to as optical dot gain. Dot gain is often approximated by measurements obtained by densitometer or spectrophotometer. In this study we use a very high-resolution scanner with a resolution of 2 μm/pixel and with a field of view of 2.7×2 mm, which makes it possible to clearly see the small halftone dots and their surroundings. In this camera it is also possible to illuminate the paper surface both from above and below, which means that the camera can capture both the reflected and transmitted lights. Since the transmitted light does not scatter in paper the optical dot gain has no effect on the transmitted image. In this paper we investigate the behavior of physical and optical dot gain for print on coated paperin offset, by using the micro scale images. We also present a method to separate optical and physical dot gain by using the reflected and the transmitted images. By comparing the reflectance and transmittance histograms it is possible to understand that, there is no optical dot gain in transmitted image. We also compare our results with the result obtained by a spectrophotometer, which also measures both reflected and transmitted light. Previously the physical and optical dot gains were mostly analyzed numerically, however in this paper we will also graphically illustrate and compare these two concepts by using microscale images.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Sewickley, PA, USA: Technical Association of the Graphic Arts , 2010. 399-408 p.
Series
, Technical Association of Graphic Arts Proceedings., ISSN 0082-2299
Keyword [en]
Optical Dot Gain, Physical Dot Gain, Micro - Scal e Images, Transmittance, Reflectance
National Category
Engineering and Technology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-68234ISBN: 1935185020ISBN: 9781935185024ISBN: 9781935185024OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-68234DiVA: diva2:416915
Conference
TAGA (Technical Association of the Graphic Arts), March 2010, San Diego, California, USA
Available from: 2011-05-23 Created: 2011-05-13 Last updated: 2013-12-03Bibliographically approved

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Namedanian, MahziarGooran, Sasan
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