Plasmonic waveguides and resonators for optical communication applications
2011 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Photonic circuits can transmit data signals in a much higher speed thanconventional electronic circuits. However, miniaturization of photonic circuitsand devices is hindered by the existence of light diffraction limit. A promisingsolution to this problem is by exploiting plasmonic systems for guiding andmanipulating signals at optical frequencies. Plasmonic devices are generallycomposed of noble metals and dielectrics, whose interfaces can confine surfaceplasmon polaritons, a hybrid wave that is free of diffraction limit. Plasmonicwaveguides and devices are serious contenders for achieving next-generationphotonic integrated circuits with a density comparable to the electronic counterpart.
This thesis addresses the design issues of passive plasmonic devices whichare critical for realization of photonic integration, including plasmonic waveguides,splitters, couplers, and resonators, investigated with both the finitedifferencetime-domain method and the finite-element method. In particularwe present, firstly, a coupler which efficiently couples light between a silicondielectric waveguide and a hybrid plasmonic (HP) waveguide. A coupling efficiencyas high as 70% is realized with a HP taper as short as 0.4μm. Theexperimental result agrees well with the numerical simulation. Secondly, wenumerically investigate and optimize the performances of 1×2 and 1×3 HPmultimode interferometers (MMIs), which split light from a silicon waveguideto multiple HP waveguides. Total transmission over 75% can be achieved inboth cases. Thirdly, we study the coupling and crosstalk issues in plasmonicwaveguide systems. Several methods for crosstalk reduction are proposed.Finally, HP nanodisk micro-cavities are designed and are numerically characterized.With a radius of 1μm, a high quality factor of 819 and a highPurcell factor of 1827 can be simultaneously achieved, which can be useful forrealizing efficient nano-lasers.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: KTH Royal Institute of Technology , 2011. , xi, 60 p.
Trita-ICT/MAP AVH, ISSN 1653-7610 ; 2011:10
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-33596ISBN: 978-91-7501-015-1OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-33596DiVA: diva2:416380
2011-06-07, sal C1, Electrum, Kungl Tekniska Högskolan,Isafjordsgatan 26, Kista, Stockholm, 14:13 (English)
Shum, Ping, Professor
Qiu, Min, Professor
QC 201105232011-05-232011-05-112011-05-23Bibliographically approved
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