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Ordavkodning och ögonrörelser vid läsning hos universitetsstudenter med dyslexi
Linköping University, Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine.
Linköping University, Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine.
2011 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Word decoding and eye movements while reading in university students with reading disabilities (English)
Abstract [sv]

Dyslexi innebär bestående ordavkodningssvårigheter som anses vara orsakade av nedsättning i fonologiska färdigheter. Till följd av dessa svårigheter har individer med dyslexi ett annorlunda ögonrörelsemönster vid läsning. Individer med dyslexi kan många gånger övervinna sina svårigheter och lyckas i den akademiska världen.

Studiens övergipande syfte var att genom en multipel fallstudie undersöka ordavkodning och ögonrörelser hos fem universitetsstudenter med dyslexi. Ögonrörelserna mättes med en dator specialiserad för detta ändamål. En kontrollgrupp av normalläsare (n=20) fördes samman för jämförelse.

I föreliggande studie var användning av ordavkodningstest och mätning av ögonrörelser den metodologiska inriktningen.

Resultaten visar att alla de fem studenterna med dyslexi har nedsatt ordavkodning och till stor del ett annorlunda ögonrörelsemönster som varierade något dem emellan. De kvalitativa illustrationerna av ögonrörelserna var svårtolkade i jämförelse med de kvantitativa resultaten på testen, dock anses dessa och bakgrundsinformation ge en fördjupad bild av hur en person verkligen läser.

Eye tracking- metoden visade sig vara användbar men för ett större forskningsprojekt skulle det krävas att vissa korrigeringar genomfördes.

Abstract [en]

Dyslexia can be defined as permanent word decoding deficits caused by difficulties with phonological skills. An abnormal eye movement pattern while reading among individuals with dyslexia is a consequence of these difficulties. Many times these individuals overcome their dyslectic difficulties and succeed in the academic world.

The purpose of the present study was to investigate five university students with dyslexia through a multiple case study. Word decoding skills and eye movements were measured, and a control group (n=20) was put together for comparison.

In the present study, word decoding skills were measured through tests and eye movements were measured by a computer specialized for this purpose.

The results showed that the five students have word decoding difficulties and abnormal eye movement patterns which varied to some extent between the five students. In comparison to the quantitative results from the tests the qualitative illustrations of the eye movements were hard to interpret. Although there were difficulties with interpretation, the illustrations and the background information hold significance to understand how a person reads.

The eye tracking method in the present study can be useful; however, if more extensive research were to be conducted some modifications would be of importance.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2011. , 32 p.
Keyword [en]
dyslexia, eye movements, word decoding deficits, students with dyslexia, eye trackin
Keyword [sv]
dyslexi, ögonrörelser, avkodningssvårigheter, studenter med dyslexi, eye trackin
National Category
Otorhinolaryngology Psychology (excluding Applied Psychology)
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-67958ISRN: ISRN LIU-IKE/BSLP-G--11/002--SEOAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-67958DiVA: diva2:416066
Subject / course
Bachelor thesis in Speech and Language Pathology
Uppsok
Medicine
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2011-05-31 Created: 2011-05-04 Last updated: 2011-05-31Bibliographically approved

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Gustafsson, Erik
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