Optimization of Equipment for Tomographic Measurements of Void Distributions using Fast Neutrons
2011 (English)Licentiate thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
This licentiate thesis describes a novel nondestructive measuring technique for determiningspatial distributions of two-phase water flows. In Boiling Water Reactors, which compose themajority of the world's commercial nuclear reactors, this so called void distribution is of importance for safe operation.
The presented measurement technique relies on fast neutron transmission tomography using portable neutron generators. Varying hardware options for such an instrument based on this technique and a prototype instrument, which is under construction, are described. The main design parameters are detailed and motivated from a performance point of view. A Paretomultiple objective optimization of the count rate and image unsharpness is presented. The resulting instrument design comprises an array of plastic scintillators for neutron detection. Such detector elements allow for spectroscopic data acquisition and subsequent reduction of background events at low energy by means of introducing an energy threshold in the analysis.
The thesis includes two papers: In paper I, the recoil proton energy deposition distribution resulting from the interaction of the incoming neutrons is investigated for thin plastic scintillator elements. It is shown that the recoil proton losses have a large effect on the pulse height distribution and the intrinsic neutron detection efficiency is calculated for varying energy thresholds.
In paper II the performance of the planned FANTOM device is investigated using the particle transport code MCNP5. An axially symmetric phantom void distribution is modeled and there construction is compared with the correct solution. According to the solutions, the phantom model can be reconstructed with 10 equal size ring-shaped picture elements, with a precision of better than 5 void percent units using a deuterium-tritium neutron generator with a yield of 3 · 107 neutrons per second and a measurement time of 13 h. However, it should be noted that commercial neutron generators with a factor of 103 higher yields exist and that the measurement time could decrease to less than a minute if such a neutron generator would beutilized.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Uppsala: Division of Applied Nuclear Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Uppsala University , 2011. , 44 p.
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-153317OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-153317DiVA: diva2:416057
2011-05-06, 10:15 (English)
Van Nieuwenhove, Rudi, Dr
Jacobsson Svärd, StaffanSjöstrand, HenrikHåkansson, Ane, ProfessorÖsterlund, Michael, DrPomp, Stephan, Dr
List of papers