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Brand personification through music as brand knowledge: Learning from the perspective of consumers of hip-hop music in Sweden, on the associations of music in sneaker brands
Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School.
2011 (English)Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 30 credits / 45 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [en]


Previous research on the investigation of brand personality (BP) can be found to use the personification metaphor of brands through celebrities, occupations and animals. Brand image research aims to discover the human characteristics attached to a brand. In this regard, the author suggests that as music can tell much of the personality of a person, then it would be possible to know the personality of a brand through music.

The rationale behind is that music elicits “extramusical” information, such as emotions, values, dress codes and stereotypes of people; in relation to musical-genres.


This research aims to explore how music can help to produce brand knowledge. In particular how the extramusical information conveyed by musical-genres can be used as language to talk about the personality of a brand.


The empirical research was developed within an Interpretive research paradigm to learn from the perspective of consumers of hip-hop music in Sweden, how brand knowledge can be obtained from music as cognitive schema (CS).

The data was gathered using a mixed-method research design. Two different projective techniques were employed in group sessions. On one session (N=11), visual collages were used to visually represent the brands using images of musicians and their description with brand personality traits. The second session (N=12) consisted of an associative task using music, followed by the application of the brand personality scale. The interpretation and analysis of findings was done through the triangulation of the methods’ data.


The use of music genres as CS to produce brand knowledge can provide insightful information on the lifestyle and type of users that buy, consume or wear the brand.

Extramusical information helps understand characteristics of BP through the lifestyle and profile of the musician or music-fan that was associated with the brand. In particular, brand knowledge can be gained in terms of demographic and psychographic characteristics associated to the brand. However, several theoretical implications for further research were identified in order to consolidate the BP/consumer/music relationship.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2011. , 88 p.
Keyword [en]
brand personality, music-genres, cognitive schemas, brand image research, projective techniques, sneakers (tennis shoes), hip-hop, symbolic consumption, branding, brand knowledge, fashion goods
National Category
Economics and Business Media and Communications Musicology
URN: urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-14979OAI: diva2:416041
2010-12-20, Gjuterigatan 5, Jönköping, Sweden, 11:13 (English)
Social and Behavioural Science, Law
Available from: 2011-05-13 Created: 2011-05-10 Last updated: 2011-05-13Bibliographically approved

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Leyva Navarro, Jose Enrique
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