Oesophageal Cancer – Novel Targets for Therapy: With focus on Hsp90, EGFR, LRIG, microtubule and telomerase
2011 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Oesophageal cancer is a malignant and aggressive disease with very poor survival. The aim of this thesis was to evaluate novel therapeutic targets in oesophageal cancer.
In paper I, Hsp90 was expressed in all 81 oesophageal cancer tissues and also in nine oesophageal cancer cell lines. A specific Hsp90 inhibitor, 17-AAG, could efficiently inhibit cell proliferation, cell survival and sensitise oesophageal cancer cells to gamma photon irradiation. By inhibition of Hsp90 using 17-AAG, EGFR- and IGF-1R-mediated signalling was downregulated.
In paper II, tumour samples from 80 oesophageal cancer patients were investigated for the expression of EGFR and LRIG1-3. Based on a total score of intensity and expression fraction a trend towards survival differences was found for LRIG2 (p=0.18) and EGFR (p=0.09). Correlation analysis revealed a correlation between expression of EGFR and LRIG3 (p=0.0007). Significant correlations were found between LRIG1 mRNA expression levels and sensitivity to cisplatin (r = –0.74), docetaxel (r = –0.69), and vinorelbine (r = –0.82).
In paper III, microtubule targeting drugs podophyllotoxin (PPT), vincristine and docetaxel inhibited survival and proliferation of oesophageal cancer cells. Unexpectedly, experiments showed that microtubule destabilising agents inhibited EGFR phosphorylation and signalling. A tyrosine phosphatase inhibitor, sodium orthovanadate, was able to reverse the EGFR dephosphorylation.
In paper IV, imetelstat, a telomerase antagonist, inhibited telomerase activity, colony formation ability and decreased proliferation of oesophageal cancer cells. Inhibition of telomerase activity by imetelstat led to an increase of 53BP1 foci indicating induction of DSBs. Furthermore, the fraction and size of radiation-induced 53BP1 foci were increased by imetelstat pre-treatment.
In conclusion, Hsp90 and telomerase represent potential therapeutic targets in oesophageal cancer. And, the implication of EGFR and LRIG as prognostic factors is limited. Furthermore, disruption of the microtubule network may activate a protein tyrosine phosphatase that can regulate EGFR phosphorylation.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Uppsala: Acta Universitatis Upsaliensis , 2011. , 58 p.
Digital Comprehensive Summaries of Uppsala Dissertations from the Faculty of Medicine, ISSN 1651-6206 ; 680
Hsp90, EGFR, LRIG, microtubule, telomerase, oesophageal cancer, imetelstat, DNA double-strand break, 17-AAG, radiation, prognosis, radiosensitisation, microtubule targeting agents
Cancer and Oncology
Research subject Oncology
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-152614ISBN: 978-91-554-8100-1 (print)OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-152614DiVA: diva2:414126
2011-06-14, Auditorium Minus, Gustavianum, Akademigatan 3, 75310, Uppsala, 13:15 (English)
Mercke, Claes, professor
Ekman, Simon, DocentLennartsson, Johan, DocentPausson-Karlsson, Ylva, DocentBergqvist, Michael, DocentGullbo, Joachim, DocentBergstöm, Stefan, DocentEnblad, Gunilla, professor
List of papers