Soap separation efficiency at Gruvön mill: An evaluation of the process before and after a modification
Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
Wood consists not only of cellulose, lignin and hemicellulose but also of so called extractives which includes fats and acids and these components are separated in the mill from the black liquor. These extractives are in the mill denoted as tall oil soap. Tall oil has a large field of applications like chemicals and fuel and as it is produced to the atmosphere if it can replace oil and thus reduce the oil consumption. Tall oil soap is separated from the black liquor in a skimmer and the focus of this thesis was to examine the effect of air injection and the soap layer thickness on the soap separation efficiency in a skimmer. The work was focused on in analyzing the soap content of the inlet and outlet black liquor flow of the skimmer and to detect if an enhancement has been achieved with the two mentioned methods. The reason for the pulp mill to improve the soap separation efficiency was to decrease the risk of foaming and fouling in the evaporator but also to be able to increase the production of tall oil.
The air injection gave a 41% improvement of the soap separation efficiency and further improvements are probably possible to achieve. The air injection flow was about 7 l air /m3 liquor in the black liquor feed. The airflow lowers the density of soap, creating a greater difference in density between soap and black liquor and this improves the separation efficiency.
A thicker soap layer could increase the likelihood for soap drops to raise and reach the soap-liquor interface, because the soap drops have the tendency to bind with each other and will be separated from the liquor instead of following with the skimmed liquor outlet (fig. i.2). However, this study shows no indication of improvement with thicknesses that exceeds 0,75- 3,5 m which also endanger the skimmer due to overflow from the skimmer or create a short circuit between the in- and the outlet black liquor flow.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2011. , 27 p.
Soap, tall oil soap, soap separation efficiency, air injection, soap layer, recovery boiler, evaporator plant, evaporator, skimmer
Chemical Engineering Paper, Pulp and Fiber Technology
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:kau:diva-7330OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kau-7330DiVA: diva2:412772
2011-03-11, 9B330, Universitetsgatan 2, Karlstad, 13:09 (English)
Germgård, Ulf, ProfessorSandström, Eddy, ProcessingenjörLundberg, Mats, Processingenjör
Lestelius, Magnus, Docent