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Basal KroppskännedomTM och Mindfulness som gruppbehandling: hur påverkas psykisk ohälsa?
Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare.
Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare.
2011 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [sv]

Bakgrund: Psykisk ohälsa har under de senaste åren gått om rörelseorganens sjukdomar som främsta orsak till långtidssjukskrivningar i Sverige. Psykisk ohälsa innebär en försämrad livs­kvalitet för de drabbade och leder till stora samhällskostnader. Forskning krävs för effektivare sjukgymnastiska behandlingsmetoder vid psykisk ohälsa.

Syfte: Studiens syfte var att undersöka förändringar avseende ångest, depression, stress och kropps­liga symtom hos patienter som deltagit i gruppbehandling i Basal KroppskännedomTM (BK) i kombination med Mindfulness (MF).

Metod: Studien genomfördes med ”single group design”. Mätningar av grad av ångest, depression, stress och kroppsliga symtom utfördes före och efter gruppbehandlingen med formulären HAD, SCL-90 och SCI-93.

Sammanlagt behandlades åtta grupper under perioden 2008 – 2010. Behandlingarna omfat­tade mellan 10-12 tillfällen, en gång i veckan á 90 minuter.  De följde BK:s metodik och innehöll även sittande mindfulness och kroppsskanning ur Mindfulness-based Stress Reduc­tion (MBSR). Från dessa åtta grupper rekryterades 67 studiedeltagare.

Resultat: Patienternas ångest, depression, stress och kroppsliga symtom minskade signifikant efter gruppbehandlingen. Resultatet i denna studie indikerar att grupp­behandling i BK i kombination med MF kan ha en positiv effekt på psykisk ohälsa. Vidare studier krävs för att närmare undersöka sambandet mellan kombinationsbehandlingen och psykisk ohälsa.

 

Abstract [en]

Background: Mental disorders have increased sharply during the last decades, and have surpassed musculoskeletal diseases as the prime cause of long-term sick leave. Mental disorders cause deterioration in quality of life and lead to significant costs for the society. Physiotherapeutic methods for treatment of mental disorders should be developed and evaluated.

Aim: The aim of this study was to investigate changes in mental disorders with respect to anxiety, depression, stress and bodily symptoms in patients who had participated in a group-treatment combining Basic Body Awareness Therapy (BAT) and Mindfulness (MF).

Method: The study was conducted with a "single group design" and measurements of the degree of anxiety, depression, stress and bodily symptoms were made before and after the group-treatment using the forms HAD, SCL-90 and SCI-93.

In total eight groups were treated during the period 2008 - 2010. The group-treatment encompassed between ten and twelve sessions, once a week. The treatment was in line withe BAT methodology, and also included sitting mindfulness and body-scan technique in accordance with Mindfulness-based Stress Reduction (MBSR). From these eight groups, sixty-seven study participants were recruited.                                                                                                                 

Results: The patients’ self-rated degree of anxiety, depression, stress and bodily symptoms was significantly reduced after the group-treatment compared to before. The results of the study indicate that group-treatment in Basic BAT combined with MF can have a positive effect on mental disorders. Further studies are however required to further examine the indicated relationship between the combined treatment and mental disorders.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2011. , 25 p.
Keyword [en]
Anxiety, Body Awareness, depression, mental disorders, Mindfulness-based Stress Reduction, stress
Keyword [sv]
Basal Kroppskännedom, depression, Mindfulness-based Stress Reduction, psykisk ohälsa, stress, ångest
National Category
Physiotherapy
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:mdh:diva-12153OAI: oai:DiVA.org:mdh-12153DiVA: diva2:412230
Uppsok
Medicine
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2011-04-21 Created: 2011-04-21 Last updated: 2011-04-21Bibliographically approved

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