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Motiverande samtal och ungdomar med substansmissbruk: en litteraturstudie
Red Cross University College of Nursing.
Red Cross University College of Nursing.
2010 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [sv]

Bakgrund: Motiverande samtal (MI) är en metod för att behandla främst alkoholmissbruk, men har allt mer integrerats i behandlingen av andra substansmissbruk. Det flesta studier gällande MI har genomförts på vuxna varför effekten av MI på denna grupp är mest belagd. Antalet ungdomar med substansmissbruk ökar, vilket medför att en undersökning rörande studier om MI som riktas mot denna åldersgrupp (14-24 år) förefaller både relevant och nödvändig. Syfte: Syftet med denna litteraturstudie var att belysa vilken effekt MI har vid arbetet med ungdomar med substansmissbruk. Metod: Allmän litteraturstudie. Resultat: Interventioner med MI ledde till en konsumtionssänkning, en ökad motivation samt minskade substansrelaterade problem. Slutsats: MI har en positiv behandlingseffekt hos ungdomar med substansmissbruk. Resultaten stämmer överens med tidigare forskning och stödjer nyttan av en kort MI intervention hos ungdomar med en missbruksproblematik. Dock visades en ökad abstinens vid användning av tyngre droger. 

Abstract [en]

Background: Motivational Interviewing (MI) is a method to treat primarily alcohol abuse, but has been increasingly integrated into the treatment of other substance abuse. Most studies of MI have been conducted in adults why the effects of MI in this group are mostly paved. The number of adolescents with substance abuse is increasing, leading to why an investigation concerning the studies on MI focused on this age group (14-24 years) seems both relevant and necessary. Aim: The aim of this study was to elucidate the effect of MI in the work with adolescents who hold a substance abuse. Method: A literature review. Results: The intervention with MI led to a consumption reduction, increased motivation, and reduced drug-related problems. Conclusions: MI has a therapeutic effect in adolescents with substance abuse. The results are consistent with previous research and support the utility of a brief MI intervention in adolescents with substance abuse problems. However, there was an expansion in abstinence from the use of heavier drugs. 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2010. , 27 p.
Keyword [en]
Motivational Interviewing, Intervention, adolescents, effect, abuse
Keyword [sv]
Motiverande samtal, intervention, ungdomar, effekt, missbruk
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:rkh:diva-63OAI: oai:DiVA.org:rkh-63DiVA: diva2:411721
Educational program
Sjuksköterskeprogrammet
Uppsok
Medicine
Available from: 2011-04-19 Created: 2011-04-19 Last updated: 2014-06-23Bibliographically approved

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