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I väntan på en levertransplantation: Patientens livskvalitet och upplevelser före en levertransplantation
University of Skövde, School of Life Sciences.
University of Skövde, School of Life Sciences.
2011 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Waiting for a livertransplantation : Patient's quality of life and experiences before a livertransplantation (English)
Abstract [sv]

Bakgrund: Levercirros är ett sjukdomstillstånd som har hög mortalitet om inte en levertransplantation genomförs. Väntelistan till transplantation är lång samtidigt som organbehovet ökar. Syfte: Syftet med studien är att beskriva patientens upplevelser och livskvalitet i väntan på en levertransplantation. Metod: En litteraturöversikt valdes där 9 vetenskapliga artiklar granskades och analyserades enligt Fribergs modell (2006). Resultat: Beskedet om att bli uppsatt på väntelista präglades av både positiva och negativa känslor; glädje, lättnad, oro samt tveksamhet. Vid väntan uppstod fysiska och psykiska begränsningar. Olika kategorier framkom som var tydliga i de granskade artiklarna; att bli uppsatt på väntelista, att uppleva begränsad frihet, att ha behov av information och supportsamt att uppleva fysiska och psykiska begränsningar. Slutsats: Genomgående sänkt livskvalitet visas hos leversjuka människor som väntar på en levertransplantation vilket stämmer överens med tidigare forskning. Genom vårdpersonalens djupare förståelse för patienten i dennes väntan och dess fysiska och psykiska påverkan kan livskvaliteten samt upplevelsen av väntan förbättras.

Abstract [en]

Background: Liver cirrhosis is a condition that has a high mortality unless a livertransplantation is carried out. The waiting list for transplantation is long while the need for organs increases. Purpose: The purpose of this study is to describe patient’s experiences and quality of life while awaiting a liver transplant. Method: A literature review was chosen where 9 scientific articles were reviewed andanalyzed according to Friberg's model (2006). Results: The diagnosis and the registration on the waiting list were marked by both positive and negative emotions; joy, relief, worry and doubt. During the waiting period physical and mental limitations were present. Different categories emerged which were evident in the reviewed articles, to be put on waiting list, to experience limited freedom, to have needs for information and support, to experience physical and mental limitations. Conclusion: Consistently lower quality of life having a liver disease and for people waiting for a liver transplant which agree with earlier studies. By health professionals gaining a deeper understanding of the patient's situation while waiting and its physical and psychological impact, the quality of life and the experience of waiting can be improved.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2011. , 23 p.
Keyword [en]
Waiting, Quality of life, liver transplantation, patient, liver disease
Keyword [sv]
livskvalitet, upplevelse, levertransplantation, patient, leversjukdom
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:his:diva-4836OAI: oai:DiVA.org:his-4836DiVA: diva2:411161
Subject / course
Nursing/Nursing Science
Educational program
Nursing - Study Programme
Presentation
2011-03-21, Skövde, 13:15 (Swedish)
Uppsok
Medicine
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2011-09-27 Created: 2011-04-16 Last updated: 2011-09-27Bibliographically approved

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