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Om reformer: En studie av Kvalitetsreformen, Politireform 2000 og Kunnskapsløftet
Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT, Department of Working Life Science.
2011 (Norwegian)Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)Alternative title
On Reforms : A study of the Quality Reform, Police Reform 2000 and theKnowledge Reform. (English)
Abstract [en]

This thesis studies three major reforms in the public sector of Norway. The sectors studied are the police, higher education, and primary schools. The main motive for studying these reforms are of a theoretical nature, the reason to study them is to produce general knowledge about reforms. The study aims to answer two main questions. One is about the possibilities and limitations contained in using reforms to change organizations. The second is about how organizations can promote the ideals of representative democracy. In its efforts to attain answers to these questions the thesis blends empirically-oriented research with aspects of organization theory and political theory.

The thesis is divided into four different parts. First, there is a descriptive presentation of the three reforms. Secondly, there is a discussion of various theories of reforms and organizations. The primary aim of this analysis is to illuminate and explain the empirical data, but this discussion should also provide its own answers to the main questions asked in the thesis. Thirdly, these theories are applied to analyze data from the three reforms. And finally, the study concludes with a summary of what general insights about the reforms we are left with after studying the Quality Reform, The Police Reform 2000, and the Knowledge Reform.

The study shows that reforms have both policy and content aspects, and that it is important to distinguish between the two in order to analyse and understand them. The policy aspect is that reforms are a strategy for change - they are tools for implementing change in organizations. The content aspect is that reforms have a specific content - they have certain objectives that they want to realize. The study concludes that in order to understand this complex and fascinating phenomenon, we need to understand reforms both as instrumental tools, institutional adaptations and symbols.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Karlstad: Karlstads universitet , 2011. , 211 p.
Karlstad University Studies, ISSN 1403-8099 ; 2011:24
Keyword [en]
Reforms, organisation theory, political theory, democracy, public policy, public administration, new public management, institutional complexity, individual autonomy, political authority, instrumental tools, institutional adaptations, myths and ymbols, standardization, flexibility, effectiveness, formal structures, informal structures, decoupling, institutional environments
National Category
Work Sciences
Research subject
Working Life Science
URN: urn:nbn:se:kau:diva-7318ISBN: 978-91-7063-356-0OAI: diva2:410820
Public defence
2011-11-11, Agardhsalen, 11D 257, Karlstads universitet, Karlstad, 13:15 (Norwegian)
Available from: 2011-10-18 Created: 2011-04-15 Last updated: 2011-10-18Bibliographically approved

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