Ion-acoustic solitary waves and spectrally uniform scattering cross section enhancements
2010 (English)In: Annales Geophysicae, ISSN 0992-7689, E-ISSN 1432-0576, Vol. 28, no 6, 1299-1306 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Spectra measured by incoherent scatter radars are formed predominantly by scattering of the incident signal off ion-acoustic and Langmuir waves in the ionosphere. Occasionally, the upshifted and/or downshifted lines produced by the ion-acoustic waves are enhanced well above thermal levels and referred to as naturally enhanced ion-acoustic lines. In this paper, we study another kind of enhancement, which is spectrally uniform over the whole ion-line, i.e. the upand downshifted shoulder and the spectral valley in between. Based on observations made with the EISCAT Svalbard radar (ESR) facility, we investigate the transient and spectrally uniform power enhancements, which can be explained by ionacoustic solitary waves. We use a theory of nonlinear waves in a magnetized plasma to determine the properties of such waves and evaluate their effects on scattered signals easured by ESR.We suggest a new mechanism that can explain backscattered power enhancements by one order of magnitude above the thermal level and show that it is consistent with observations.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Copernicus Publications , 2010. Vol. 28, no 6, 1299-1306 p.
Ionosphere (Auroral ionosphere, Plasma waves and instabilities), Space plasma physics (Nonlinear phenomena)
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-42826DOI: 10.5194/angeo-28-1299-2010OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-42826DiVA: diva2:410481