This thesis deals with Mexico’s transition to democracy, and its problems of consolidation.
Mexico has an authoritarian heritage which still, eight years after the historic election in
2000 and the coming of an electoral democracy, causes great problems in society. The thesis
deals mainly with
civil society, political society, and the rule of law. As a framework for the
thesis, a transition model developed by Juan J. Linz and Alfred Stepan, called the “
is used. As Mexico in year 2000 for the first time in 70 years had a change o regime,
many Mexicans believed that this was the end to the corporatist style of the “old” system,
and that many problems would disappear if Mexico would be democratic. However, this
was not the case. Mexico has huge problems in consolidating its democracy, and new
problems have developed.
This thesis tries to identify the areas which have been important to the democratization
process in Mexico, and how these areas function today. It does so from an historical perspective
since much of today’s problems have roots in the past. The past is then connected
to contemporary Mexico, dealing mostly with the period until 2006, when the winning
party from the election in 2000 the PAN, confirmed their success when they won again in
2006, but with the smallest margin even in Mexican history. The poor electoral performance
of the PAN was a result of unsuccesfull politics with many promises but little change.
This thesis also identifies the lack of
accountability as a key-term to explain some of the failures
of society to implement democratic measures in all areas of society.
2008. , 75 p.