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Utvärdering av en KOL-skola: - effekter på hälsa, välbefinnande och fysisk kapacitet
Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare.
Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare.
2011 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [sv]

Bakgrunden till studien bygger på ett samarbete mellan sjukgymnastprogrammet på Mälardalens högskola och ett sjukhus i Sörmlands läns landsting. Syftet var att utvärdera om behandling bestående av fyra veckors KOL-skola haft effekt på patienternas hälsa, välbefinnande och fysiska kapacitet. KOL-skolan bestod utav fyra tillfällen under vilka olika vårdprofessioner gav patienterna information om bl.a. symptompåverkan, känslomässiga upplevelser och vikten av fysisk aktivitet. Det var tio patienter med kronisk obstruktiv lungsjukdom (KOL) i stadium två till fyra som deltog i interventionen. Utvärderingsinstrument som användes var The St George’s Respiratory Questionnaire och sex minuters gångtest. Resultaten visade att ingen signifikant skillnad i enkäten eller sex minuters gångtest förelåg efter intervention för gruppen. Tidigare forskning har visat att de psykosociala faktorerna har en stor inverkan på patienter med KOL och deras välbefinnande. Författarna anser därför att framtida forskning och verksamhetsutveckling bör utforma behandlingsstrategier för patienter med KOL utifrån den biopsykosociala modellen.      

Abstract [en]

The background of this study is based on a cooperation between the physiotherapy program at Mälardalen University and a hospital in the county of Södermanland. The aim of the study was to evaluate whether a four week treatment of COPD-school have had an impact on patient health, well being and physical capacity. The COPD-school consisted of four occasions in which different health care professionals gave patients information on subjects including; symptom impact, emotional experiences and the importance of physical activity. There were ten patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) in stage two to four who participated in the intervention. The instruments for evaluation that were used were The St. George's Respiratory Questionnaire and six minute walk test. The results showed no significant difference in the survey or six minute walk test for the group after the intervention. Previous research has shown that psychosocial factors have a profound effect on patients with COPD and their wellbeing. The authors therefore believe that future research should focus on designing treatment for patients with COPD based on the biopsychosocial model.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2011. , 34 p.
Keyword [en]
Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, COPD-school, Physical activity, Psychosocial factors, Well being
Keyword [sv]
Fysisk aktivitet, KOL-skola, Kronisk obstruktiv lungsjukdom, Psykosociala funktioner, Välbefinnande
National Category
Respiratory Medicine and Allergy
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:mdh:diva-12072OAI: oai:DiVA.org:mdh-12072DiVA: diva2:408535
Uppsok
Medicine
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2011-04-13 Created: 2011-04-05 Last updated: 2011-04-13Bibliographically approved

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Helmersson, SaraNordvall, Maria
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