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Vuxna anhörigas beskrivning av livet efter deras närståendes stroke: en litteraturstudie
University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
2011 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [sv]

Syfte: Syftet med litteraturstudien var att belysa vuxna anhörigas upplevelser av livet efter att en närstående drabbats av stroke och fått bestående funktionshinder. Metod: Studien genomfördes som en litteraturstudie, 16 vetenskapliga artiklar granskades och sammanställdes sedan utifrån perspektiven fysiskt, psykiskt och socialt. Huvudresultat: Litteraturstudiens resultat visar att anhöriga till strokedrabbade påverkades ur ett fysiskt, psykiskt och socialt perspektiv. De kände sig utmattade till följd av det ökade ansvaret som stroken förde med sig. Deras liv vändes upp och ner och många var missnöjda med vården och dess bemötande. Anhöriga upplevde brist på information och kände att de saknade kunskap om området. Känslor som oro, frustration, sorg, nedstämdhet och skuldkänslor beskrevs. De anhöriga kände sig tvingade att hålla tillbaka sina känslor och de uppgav att stöd från familj, vänner och personal var viktigt och gav dem styrka. Kvinnliga anhöriga visade sig vara mer utsatta än manliga. Anhöriga kände tacksamhet för att den strokedrabbade överlevt. De upplevde brist på egentid, stagnerade framtidsplaner och många kände sig socialt isolerade. De förändrade rollerna som stroken innebar upplevdes som påfrestande. Slutsats: Kunskap om hur anhöriga upplever livet efter en närståendes stroke kan ge vägledning i sjuksköterskans arbete med att stödja och informera anhöriga.

Abstract [en]

Purpose: The purpose of this study was to illuminate the adult relatives experiences of life after a close person suffered a stroke and become permanently disabled. Method: The study was conducted as a literature review, 16 research articles were examined and then compiled from a physically, mentally and socially perspective. Main results: The literature study shows that relatives of stroke survivors were affected from a physical, mental and social perspective. They felt fatigued as a result of the increased responsibility that the stroke resulted in. Their lives were turned upside down and many were dissatisfied with the care and treatment. Family members felt a lack of information and felt they lacked knowledge of the area. Feelings of anxiety, frustration, grief, depression and guilt were described. The relatives felt compelled to hold back their emotions and they indicated that support from family, friends and staff was important and gave them strength. Female relatives were found to be more vulnerable than male relatives. Relatives felt gratitude for the survival of the stroke victim. They experienced lack of own time, stagnated plans of the future and experienced being socially isolated. The changed roles was experienced as stressful. Conclusion: Knowledge about how family members experience life after a stroke of a close one, may give guidance to the nurse in the work of supporting and informing relatives.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2011. , 30 p.
Keyword [en]
stroke, family, life after stroke, experience
Keyword [sv]
stroke, anhörig, livet efter stroke, upplevelse
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hig:diva-8650Archive number: SSKHK08/vt11nr14OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hig-8650DiVA: diva2:408438
Uppsok
Medicine
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2011-05-06 Created: 2011-04-04 Last updated: 2011-05-06Bibliographically approved

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