Angiotensin-converting enzyme in cardiovascular function and dysfunction
2011 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) is a key enzyme in the renin-angiotensin system, converting angiotensin I to the vasoactive peptide angiotensin II, and degrading bradykinin. Angiotensin II is a multifunctional peptide, acting on a number of different tissues. A common genetic variation in the gene encoding ACE; ACE I/D polymorphism influences the level of ACE in the circulation, and has been linked to increased risk for cardiovascular disease. This thesis aimed to explore the connection between ACE and cardiovascular function and dysfunction.
The impact of nicotine and nicotine metabolites on ACE in cultured human endothelial cells was studied. Nicotine as well as nicotine metabolites induced increased ACE activity in cultured human endothelial cells. In elderly men a higher ACE level was seen in smokers compared to non-smokers. Furthermore, diabetes was associated with higher circulating ACE. Increased ACE level may represent a cellular mechanism which contributes to vascular damage.
Elderly men carrying the ACE D allele had higher abdominal aortic stiffness compared to men carrying the I/I genotype. Our data suggest that the mechanism by which the ACE D allele modulates aortic wall mechanics is independent of circulating ACE levels. Previous studies have indicated a link between the D allele and abdominal aortic aneurysm. Increased aortic stiffness suggests impaired vessel wall integrity, which combined with local hemodynamic and/or inflammatory factors may have a role in aneurysm formation.
Subjects with left ventricular dysfunction had higher levels of circulating ACE compared to those with normal left ventricular function, while there was no association between ACE and central hemodynamics. ACE might play a role in the pathogenesis of left ventricular dysfunction and our findings suggest a direct effect on the heart rather than affecting central blood pressure.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Linköping: Linköping University Electronic Press , 2011. , 73 p.
Linköping University Medical Dissertations, ISSN 0345-0082 ; 1224
Medical and Health Sciences
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-67215ISBN: 978-91-7393-243-1OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-67215DiVA: diva2:408337
2011-04-15, Berzeliussalen, Hälsouniversitetet, Campus US, Linköpings universitet, Linköping, 09:00 (Swedish)
Kahan, Thomas, Professor
Länne, Toste, ProfessorPersson, Karin, Dr.Alehagen, Urban, Dr.
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