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Att leva med inflammatorisk tarmsjukdom: En allmän litteraturstudie
Örebro University, School of Health and Medical Sciences.
Örebro University, School of Health and Medical Sciences.
2011 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
To live with inflammatory bowel disease : -an overview (English)
Abstract [sv]

Bakgrund: Inflammatoriska tarmsjukdomar innefattar Crohns sjukdom och ulcerös kolit. De senaste åren har en ökning av de kroniska sjukdomarna skett bland annat i Sverige. Sjukdomarna går i skov och drabbar olika lager av tarmens slemhinna. För att hjälpa personerna att uppleva hälsa, trots kronisk sjukdom, bör sjuksköterskan känna till hur de upplever det att leva med sjukdomen. Syfte: Syftet med litteraturstudien var att beskriva personers upplevelse av att leva med en inflammatorisk tarmsjukdom. Metod: Vid sökning i databaserna Cinahl och PubMed valdes nio artiklar ut för att användas i studien. Bearbetningen av resultatet inspirerades av innehållsanalys. Resultat: Resultaten visade emotionella upplevelser såsom skuld, vanmakt, rädsla, hopp, stress och oro. Sjukdomen gav begränsningar i det dagliga livet i form av att personerna inte kunde delta i aktiviteter, kostrestriktioner, etcetera. Symtomen gav en ständig påminnelse om sjukdomen och ledde till förändrad självbild. Det fanns olika sätt att hantera sin sjukdom på och stöd upplevdes för det mesta positivt. Konklusion: Personerna påverkas av sjukdomarna även när dem är i remission. Närvaro av ett stödjande nätverk har betydelse för personernas dagliga funktion.

Abstract [en]

Background: Inflammatory bowel diseases include Crohn's disease and ulcerative colitis. In recent years, an increase of these chronic diseases occurred partly in Sweden. The diseases are relapsing, and affect different layers of the bowel mucosa. To help the persons to experience health, despite chronic illness, the nurse should be familiar with their perception of living with the disease. Purpose: The purpose of this overview was to describe the persons experiences of living with an inflammatory bowel disease. Method: When searching the databases Cinahl and PubMed, nine articles were selected for use in the study. The processing of the results was inspired by content analysis. Results: The results showed emotional experiences such as guilt, helplessness, fear, hope, stress and anxiety. The disease caused restrictions in daily life such as not being able to participate in activities, dietary restrictions, etcetera. The symptoms gave a constant reminder of the disease and led to altered self-image. There were different ways to manage their illness and support was perceived positively for the most of the time. Conclusion: The persons are affected by the diseases even when they are in remission. The presence of a support network is important for the persons daily functioning.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2011. , 41 p.
Keyword [en]
chronic illness, coping, experiences, inflammatory bowel disease, life changes
Keyword [sv]
coping, inflammatorisk tarmsjukdom, kronisk sjukdom, livsförändringar, upplevelser
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-15180ISRN: ORU-HAK/OMV-GK-2011/0046--SEOAI: oai:DiVA.org:oru-15180DiVA: diva2:408187
Subject / course
Omvårdnadsvetenskap
Presentation
2011-03-25, P258, Örebro Universitet, Örebro, 08:15 (Swedish)
Uppsok
Medicine
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2011-05-12 Created: 2011-04-04 Last updated: 2011-08-18Bibliographically approved

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Hurtig, SaraNäss, Sara
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