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Oavsiktlig hypotermi hos intensivvårdande patienter: en journalgranskning
Red Cross University College of Nursing.
Red Cross University College of Nursing.
2010 (Swedish)Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Inadvertent hypothermia in patients receiving intensive care : a chart review (English)
Abstract [sv]

Patienterna på en intensivvårdsavdelning ligger i riskzonen för oavsiktlig hypotermi. De tidigare identifierade riskgrupperna är bland annat förekomst av kontinuerlig hemodialys, vissa sederande läkemedel, stor mängd intravenös vätska samt kirurgiska ingrepp i generell anestesi. Hypotermi har negativa konsekvenser för patienterna som ökad blödningsrisk, försämrad sårläkning samt kardiologisk påverkan. Syftet med studien var att undersöka förekomsten av hypotermi hos intensivvårdade patienter. En retrospektiv deskriptiv studie på 583 vuxna patienter som vårdades på en intensivvårdsavdelning någon gång under 2009 genomfördes. Resultatet visade att 17 procent av patienterna hade drabbats av oavsiktlig hypotermi. Patienterna med intagningsorsakerna blödning och sepsis hade en ökad förekomst av hypotermi. Patienter med låg kroppsvikt samt äldre patienter hade en ökad förekomst av hypotermi vilket stämmer väl överens med tidigare studier. Däremot att yngre patienter samt kvinnliga patienter hade en högre förekomst av hypotermi är nya fynd. Det förefaller viktigt för intensivvårdssjuksköterskan att tidigt identifiera patienter i riskgrupper för oavsiktlig hypotermi och aktivt förhindra dess uppkomst.

Abstract [en]

The patients on an intensive care unit are often at risk for inadvertent hypothermia. Previously identified groups at risk include patients receiving continuous renal replacement therapy, some sedative drugs, large amounts of intravenous fluids and surgical procedures during general anesthesia. Hypothermia has negative consequences for patients such as increased risk for hemorrhaging, impaired wound healing and cardiological effects. The purpose of the study was to determine the prevalence of inadvertent hypothermia in patients receiving intensive care. We performed a retrospective descriptive study on 583 adult patients who had been admitted to an intensive care unit. The results showed that 17 percent of the patients had inadvertent hypothermia. The patients admitted under the categories bleeding or septicemia had an increased occurrence of hypothermia. Patients with lower bodyweight and elderly patients had a higher occurrence which concurs with previous research. We also found that younger patients and female patients had a higher occurrence of hypothermia which is new findings. It appears that it is important for the intensive care unit nurse to early identify those patients at risk and to actively prevent its occurrence.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2010. , 25 p.
Keyword [en]
hypothermia, inadvertent, intensive care unit
Keyword [sv]
hypotermi, oavsiktlig, intensivvårdsavdelning
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:rkh:diva-54OAI: oai:DiVA.org:rkh-54DiVA: diva2:407299
Subject / course
Magisterprogrammet i omvårdnad
Uppsok
Medicine
Available from: 2011-03-30 Created: 2011-03-30 Last updated: 2014-06-23Bibliographically approved

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