Benefits of regenerative braking and eco driving for high-speed trains: Energy consumption and brake wear
Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
on mechanical brakes. The electric regenerative brakes can thus be used as normal service brake with minimum time loss.The first part of the study aims at developing a method to calculate wear on train brake pads. This is done by using a reformulated version of Archard’s wear equation with a temperature dependent wear coefficient and a temperature model to predict the brake pad temperature during braking. The temperature model is calibrated using trustworthy data from a brake system supplier and full-scale test results.By performing simulations in the program STEC (Simulation of Train Energy Consumption), energy consumption for different cases of high-speed train operations is procured and significant data for the wear calculations are found. Simulations include both “normal driving techniques” and “eco driving”. The driving styles were decided through interviews with train drivers and experts on energy optimized driving systems.The simulations show that more powerful drive systems reduce both energy consumption and travel time by permitting higher acceleration and energy regeneration while braking. Calculations show that since the electric motors could carry out more of the braking the wear of the mechanical brakes becomes lower.Eco driving techniques can help to further reduce the energy consumption and mechanical brake wear. This driving style can require some time margins though, since it takes slightly longer time to drive when using coasting and avoiding speed peaks. However, if used properly this should not have to affect the actual travel time, partly because some time margins are always included in the timetable.Even if new, more powerful, trains would have the ability to reduce energy consumption and brake wear it is also necessary to have an appropriate slip control system for the electric brakes, making it possible to use them also under slippery conditions. In this context it is important that the adhesion utilization is modest, about 12 – 15 % for speeds up to 100 km/h and lower at higher speeds.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2011. , 69 p.
Trita-AVE, ISSN 1651-7660 ; 2011:23
Engineering and Technology
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-31701OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-31701DiVA: diva2:405993