Effects of the oral, direct thrombin inhibitor dabigatran on five common coagulation assays
2011 (English)In: THROMBOSIS AND HAEMOSTASIS, ISSN 0340-6245, Vol. 105, no 2, 371-378 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Dabigatran is an oral, reversible thrombin inhibitor that has shown promising results in large clinical trials. Laboratory monitoring is not needed but the effects on common coagulation assays are incompletely known. Dabigatran was added to plasma from healthy subjects in the concentration range 0-1,000 mu g/l and analysed using several reagents for activated thromboplastin time (APTT), prothrombin time (PT), fibrinogen, antithrombin, and activated protein C resistance. Typical trough concentrations are about 50 mu g/l, peak concentrations 100-300 mu g/l. At 100 mu g/l all APTT-results were prolonged. The concentration required to double APTT ranged between 227 and 286 mu g/l, the responses for all five reagents were similar. PT-reagents were much less affected with almost no samples above INR 1.2 at 100 mu g/l. The effect was sample dilution dependent with PT Quick type more sensitive than PT Owren type methods. If a patient on dabigatran has prolonged APTT, andgt; 90 seconds, and Quick PT INR andgt; 2 or Owren PT INR andgt; 1.5 over-dosing or accumulation of dabigatran should be considered. Two of four fibrinogen reagents underestimated the fibrinogen concentration considerably at expected peak concentration. Methods based on inhibition of thrombin over-estimated the antithrombin concentration, but not Xa-based. The APC-resistance methods over-estimated the APC-ratio, which may lead to miss-classification of factory Leiden patients as being normal. Different coagulation assays, and even different reagents within an assay group, display variable effects at therapeutic concentrations of dabigatran. Some of these assay variations are of clinical importance, thus knowledge is needed for a correct interpretation of results.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
F K Schattauer Verlagsgesellschaft MBH , 2011. Vol. 105, no 2, 371-378 p.
Dabigatran, thrombin inhibitor, interference, anticoagulant, coagulation assays
Medical and Health Sciences
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-66845DOI: 10.1160/TH10-06-0342ISI: 000287943600023OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-66845DiVA: diva2:405521
This article is not an exact copy of the original published article in THROMBOSIS AND HAEMOSTASIS. The definitive publisher-authenticated version is available:: Tomas Lindahl, Fariba Baghaei, Inger Fagerberg Blixter, Kerstin Gustafsson, Lennart Stigendal, Margareta Sten-Linder, Karin Strandberg and Andreas Hillarp, Effects of the oral, direct thrombin inhibitor dabigatran on five common coagulation assays, 2011, THROMBOSIS AND HAEMOSTASIS, (105), 2, 371-378. http://dx.doi.org/10.1160/TH10-06-03422011-03-222011-03-212012-03-25