This article presents some of the earliest rock art
documentation known from northern Europe.
Johannes Haquini Rhezelius produced it on an
antiquarian journey to Öland and Småland in
1634. Compared with the Norwegian Peder Alfsøn’s
documentation from seven years previously
in northern Bohuslän, then a part of Norway,
there are differences and similarities. Both men
drew by eye with ink, Alfsøn then embellishing
his images with watercolours. Neither used any
Rhezelius's informants did not seem to preserve
any pre-Christian ideas about figurative
rock art. They associated it with legends and stories
sprung fromaChristian culture;with giants,
maidens and church-burglars. Folklore associated
cupmarks with elfs.
Stockholm, 2011. Vol. 106, no 1, 1-7 p.