Structure and Properties Investigations of the La2Co1+z(Ti1-xMgx)1-zO6 Perovskite System
2011 (English)Licentiate thesis, monograph (Other academic)Alternative title
Struktur och Egenskapsundersökningar av La2Co1+z(Ti1-xMgx)1-zO6 Perovskit Systemet (Swedish)
Perovskite based materials have great potentials for various energy applications and the search for new materials for uses in SOFCs has largely been concentrated to this class of compounds. In this search, we have studied perovskite phases in the system La2Co1+z(Ti1-xMgx)1-zO6, with 0 x 0.9 and z = 0.0, 0.2, 0.4, 0.6. Crystal structures were characterized by XRD and, for selected compositions, also by NPD and SAED. They exhibit with increasing x, as well as increasing z, a progressive increase in symmetry from monoclinic to orthorhombic to rhombohedral. The main focus in this work has been on the investigation of structure-property relations for compositions with 0.0 x 0.5 and z = 0. The nominal oxidation state of Co increases for these with increasing x, from Co2+ for x = 0 to Co3+ for x = 0.5. Magnetic measurements and XANES studies showed that the average spin state of Co changes linearly with increasing x, up to x = 0.5, in accordance with varying proportions of Co with two fixed oxidation states, i.e. Co2+ and Co3+. The data suggests that the Co3+ ions have an IS spin state or a mixture of LS and HS spin states for all compositions with nominally only Co2+ and Co3+ ions, possibly with the exception of the composition with x = 0.1, 0.2 and z = 0, for which the data indicate that the spin state might be HS. The XANES data indicate furthermore that for the perovskite phases with z = 0 and x > 0.5, which in the absence of O atom vacancies contain formally Co4+, the highest oxidation state of Co is Co3+, implying that the substitution of Ti4+ by Mg2+ for x ³ 0.5 effects an oxidation of O2- ions rather than an oxidation of Co3+ ions.
The thermal expansion was found to increase nearly linearly with increasing oxidation state of Co. This agrees well with findings in previous studies and is attributable to an increase in the ionic radius of Co3+ ions with increasing temperature, due to a thermal excitation from a LS to IS or LS/HS spin states. High temperature electronic conductivity measurements indicate that the electronic conductivity increases with an increase of both relative and absolute amount of Co3+. The latter can be attributed to an increase in the number of Co-O-Co connections. Additional high temperature magnetic measurements for selected samples, whose susceptibilities did not follow a Curie law behaviour up to room temperature, showed effective magnetic moments that did approach plateaus even at high temperatures (900 K). Interpretations of these data are, however, hindered by the samples losing oxygen during the applied heating-cooling cycle.
The present study has shown that the investigated system is suitable for further studies, of more fundamental character, which could provide further insight of the structure-property relationships that depend on the oxidation state of Co.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: Stockholms Universitet , 2011.
solid oxide fuel cell, SOFC, LaCoO3, cobaltates, cobalt oxide, perovskite, XANES, XRD, Neutron powder diffraction, thermal expansion, electronic conductivity, magnetism, citrate, electron diffraction, synthesis, phase diagram, spin state
fast fas oxid bränslecell, LaCoO3, koboltoxid, perovskit, XANES, XRD, neutron diffraktion, elektron diffraktion, termisk expansion, elektrisk ledningsförmåga, magnetism, citrat, SOFC, syntes, fasdiagram, spin tillstånd
Inorganic Chemistry Materials Chemistry
Research subject Structural Chemistry; Materials Chemistry
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-55418OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-55418DiVA: diva2:403681
2011-03-23, Magnelisalen, Arrhenius Laboratory, Svante Arrhenius väg 16C, Stockholm, 14:00 (English)
Einarsrud, Mari-Ann, ProfessorJohnsson, Mats, Associate Professor
Svensson, Gunnar, Professor
ProjectsStudies of cobalt based perovskites for cathode materials in solid oxide fuel cells.
FunderSwedish Research Council, 1215212