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On analysing changes in urban structure: Some theoretical and methodological issues
KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-2988-2508
2011 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: KTH Royal Institute of Technology , 2011. , 18 p.
Series
Trita-SOM , ISSN 1653-6126 ; 2011:03
National Category
Social Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-31146ISBN: 978-91-7415-887-8OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-31146DiVA: diva2:402909
Public defence
2011-03-11, F3, Lindstedtsvägen 26, KTH, Stockholm, 09:00 (English)
Opponent
Supervisors
Note
QC 20110310Available from: 2011-03-10 Created: 2011-03-10 Last updated: 2011-10-06Bibliographically approved
List of papers
1. New urban settlements in a perspective of public and private interests. Case study: a Swedish municipality within the hinterland of the Stockholm city
Open this publication in new window or tab >>New urban settlements in a perspective of public and private interests. Case study: a Swedish municipality within the hinterland of the Stockholm city
2008 (English)In: Journal of Geographical Systems, ISSN 1435-5930, E-ISSN 1435-5949, Vol. 10, no 4, 345-367 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The changes of land use patterns and urban structures could be seen as the dynamic result of the trade off between public and private interests. Thereby the land use change is to some extent unpredictable. The focus in the current study is to measure the importance of spatial location factors regarding new residential and commercial buildings in relation to existing urban amenities and political guidelines. The relative importance of the location factors was studied by multinomial regression analysis. Results from this study reveal that the location profiles of new urban object types attained here indicate strong correspondence with local political land use guidelines and to clustering. The spatial distribution of new urban settlements does not in general correspond to the monocentric urban scheme where firms and residents locate in spatial proximity to urban centres.

Keyword
Location factors, Multinomial regression, Urban economics, Spatial, planning, C01, C13, C31, C51, R14, R28, R30, R31, R52, netherlands
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-18003 (URN)10.1007/s10109-008-0065-5 (DOI)000261179800002 ()2-s2.0-57049187163 (ScopusID)
Note
QC 20100525Available from: 2010-08-05 Created: 2010-08-05 Last updated: 2011-03-10Bibliographically approved
2. Kernel densities and mixed functionality in a multicentred urban region
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Kernel densities and mixed functionality in a multicentred urban region
2010 (English)In: Environment and Planning, B: Planning and Design, ISSN 0265-8135, Vol. 37, no 3, 550-566 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Interurban-level focus during the last decade has shifted from the compact city towards a polycentric urban framework. The ability to define consistent urban structures and also link them with sustainability goals has been hindered by inconsistent evaluation methods for density and mixed functionality in a polycentric framework. The aim of this research is to test and combine various methods from these perspectives in order to define more reliable and consistent descriptions of urban structures. The methods used are spatial-density modelling using kernel convolution, a polycentric density estimation, and methods depicting mixed functionality and the association between density and mixed functionality. The empirical findings relate to planning goals at both national and international level. The study region is the municipality of Strangnas, within the Stockholm City Region since 1997. Results from the analysis reveal urban development towards further segregated land use and sprawl, as well as a decreasing link with a polycentric urban scheme. The methods developed for depicting urban form could be useful tools in the planning process and may reinforce the possibility for analysing links between urban form and sustainability aspects. This improved knowledge in turn could contribute towards formulating future planning principles.

National Category
Social and Economic Geography
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-24961 (URN)10.1068/b35061 (DOI)000279236000011 ()2-s2.0-77953328522 (ScopusID)
Note
QC 20101217Available from: 2010-10-04 Created: 2010-10-04 Last updated: 2012-03-19Bibliographically approved
3. Estimating a Polycentric Urban Structure. Case Study: Urban Changes in the Stockholm Region 1991-2004
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Estimating a Polycentric Urban Structure. Case Study: Urban Changes in the Stockholm Region 1991-2004
2009 (English)In: Journal of urban planning and development, ISSN 0733-9488, Vol. 135, no 1, 19-30 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The aims of this paper are to empirically test and evaluate methods for describing intraurban polycentricity, and to evaluate the polycentric development with respect to the regional development plan of the Office of Urban and Regional Transportation in 2001. The study area is Stockholm County and the time period investigated is 1991-2004. Three dimensions of polycentricity are analyzed: urban nuclei size relations, spatial distribution of urban nuclei, and potential interaction (accessibility). According to the methods' various qualifications in describing polycentric forms it is proposed here that a combination of methods is preferable for this subject. The polycentric structure exposes an increasing and considerable concentration of urban resources to the major urban nuclei. This concentration is combined with an increased spatial dispersal of the urban nuclei. In relative terms, the accessibility has decreased concerning the accessibility by public transportation modes and increased (workspace) or remained on almost the same level (residential space) by car transportation mode. Thus, the urban structural change in the Stockholm region corresponds to the political guidelines. In spite of this, by the increase in relative accessibility by car and decrease in the relative accessibility by public transportation modes the goal concerning higher share in public transports may not be possible to fulfill.

Keyword
los-angeles, city, size
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-18176 (URN)10.1061/(asce)0733-9488(2009)135:1(19) (DOI)000263399500003 ()2-s2.0-60649099575 (ScopusID)
Note
QC 20100525Available from: 2010-08-05 Created: 2010-08-05 Last updated: 2011-03-10Bibliographically approved
4. Urban structure and social life: the planning for relocation of Kiruna town
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Urban structure and social life: the planning for relocation of Kiruna town
(English)Article in journal (Other academic) Submitted
Keyword
urban transformation, planning, social theory, urban design, urban ontology
National Category
Civil Engineering
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-31145 (URN)
Note
QC 20110310Available from: 2011-03-10 Created: 2011-03-10 Last updated: 2011-03-10Bibliographically approved

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