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Energiförbrukning vid havspaddling
Linnaeus University, Faculty of Science and Engineering, School of Natural Sciences.
2011 (Swedish)Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [sv]

Syfte med denna studie var att undersöka energiförbrukningen vid havspaddling. Energiförbrukningen undersöktes i vila och vid två olika hastigheter (4 och 7 km/h), först med en olastad och sedan med en lastad kajak (20 kg). Dessutom undersöktes hur det passiva motståndet förändrades vid successivt ökad hastigheten. Studien genomfördes i en försöksgrupp med jämn könsfördelning och med varierande ålder och paddlingserfarenhet.

I studiens första del uppmättes försökspersonernas hjärtfrekvens i förhållande till syrgasupptag och koldioxidproduktion vid en successivt ökad belastning i en kajakergometer. För varje försöksperson kunde sedan en korrelationskurva beräknas mellan hjärtfrekvens och syrgasupptag. Utifrån den hjärtfrekvens som sedan försökspersonen hade under paddlingen kunde syrgasupptaget beräknas. Vid paddling med en olastad kajak och en hastighet av 4 km/h beräknades syrgasupptaget till 5 ml/kg/min. Vid en hastighet 7 km/h så ökade syrgasupptaget signifikant till 11.5 ml/kg/min (p< 0.05). Vid paddling med en lastad kajak så ökade syrgasupptaget signifikant från 6,5 ml/kg/min vid 4 km/h till 14,5 ml/kg/min (p< 0.05) vid 7 km/h.

Om energiförbrukningen beräknas utifrån syrgasupptaget för en person på 75 kg skulle en paddelhastighet på 4 km/h innebära en förbrukning på 458 kJ (107,4 kcal/h) med en olastad kajak och 585 kJ (139.8 kcal/h) med en lastad kajak. Vid 7 km/h var motsvarande värden 1080 kJ (258 kcal/h) (olastad kajak) och 1350 kJ (322 kcal/h) (lastad kajak). Det passiva motståndet ökade exponentiellt med ökad hastighet.

Abstract [en]

The aim of this study was to examine energy consumption when sea kayaking. The energy consumption was examined at rest and at two different speeds (4 and 7 km/h respectively), first with an empty and then with a packed kayak (20 kg). Moreover, the kayaks’ passive drag in the water was measured in order to examine how this was influenced by the speed through the water. The study was implemented in a group of paddlers with even gender distribution but with varying age and experience.

In the first part of the experiment, we measured the participants’ heart frequency, oxygen uptake and carbon dioxide production during gradually increased work load in a kayakergometer. For each test subject correlation curves were constructed from the recorded heart rate and oxygen uptake. Based on the persons heart rate during paddling, oxygen uptake was calculated using the individual regression equation which was calculated in the first part of the experiment. When paddling at 4 km/h with an unpacked kayak, the oxygen uptake was measured to 5 ml/kg/min. At 7 km/h, it increased significantly to 11.5 ml/kg/min (p< 0.05). Paddling with a packed kayak oxygen consumption increased to 6.5 ml/kg/min at 4 km/h and significantly to14.5 ml/kg/min at 7 km/h. If energy consumption is calculated on the basis of oxygen uptake for a person weighing 75 kg, at 4 km/h this corresponds to a consumption of 450 kJ (107.4 kcal/h) when kayaking with an unpacked kayak and 585 kJ (139.8 kcal/h) with a packed ditto. At 7 km/h, energy consumption was calculated to 1080 kJ (258 kcal/h) (empty kayak) and 1350 kJ (322 kcal/h) (packed kayak). The passive drag increased exponentially with increased speed.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2011. , 39 p.
Keyword [en]
sea kayaking, metabolic cost, energy expenditure, heart rate, oxygen consumption
Keyword [sv]
energiförbrukning, havspaddling, hjärtfrekvens, syrgasupptag
National Category
Natural Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-11081OAI: oai:DiVA.org:lnu-11081DiVA: diva2:402856
Uppsok
Medicine
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2011-03-10 Created: 2011-03-10 Last updated: 2011-03-10Bibliographically approved

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