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Designs for Learning in an Extended Digital Environment: Case Studies of Social Interaction in the Social Science Classroom
Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Education. (DidaktikDesign)
2011 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

This thesis studies designs for learning in the extended digital interface in the Social Science classroom. The aim is to describe and analyse how pupils interact, make meaning and learn while deploying digital learning resources.

Together with the thesis a multimodal design theoretical perspective on learning has developed: Designs for Learning. Here learning is understood as multimodal transformative processes of sign-making activities where teachers and pupils are viewed as didactic designers. A model called Learning Design Sequence has been developed and serves as a tool for data collection and analysis. Video observation material from five ICT-advanced schools with pupils aged 6-17 was multimodally transcribed and analysed.

In conclusion the thesis, among other things, indicates that:

- Social Science acquires informal features and pupils are independently designing their own digital Social Science material.

- Pupils’ interactions are significantly multimodal and the digital learning resource becomes a third element in interaction. Pupils are constantly active and very responsive to each others’ representations. They cooperate as if learning in the extended interface is a collective responsibility.

- Pupils’ learning is also significantly multimodal. Being digital natives, they engage in colours, sounds and images to represent some of their learning.

- Learning represented in modes other than text and speech becomes invisible and disappears in the digital divide.

- Pupils are simultaneously designing parallel paths of learning. One path represents the formalised education which is the path initiated, promoted and assessed by the teacher. The other path is guided by pupils’ interests and by affordances in the digital interface. This represents the extended learning that goes on below the surface.          

The thesis ends with a discussion about didactic complexities in The Online Learning Paradigm.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: Department of Education, Stockholm University , 2011. , 192 p.
Series
Doktorsavhandlingar från Institutionen för pedagogik och didaktik, 1
Keyword [en]
interaction, learning, meaning-making, digital learning resources, Social Science, school, classroom, pupils, teachers, didactic design, digital interface, assessment, designs for learning, multimodality
National Category
Pedagogy
Research subject
Didactics
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-55309ISBN: 978-91-7447-254-7OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-55309DiVA: diva2:402495
Public defence
2011-04-08, Nordenskiöldssalen, Geovetenskapens hus, Svante Arrhenius väg 12, Stockholm, 13:00 (Swedish)
Opponent
Supervisors
Note
At the time of the doctoral defense, the following papers were unpublished and had a status as follows: Paper 1: Accepted. Paper 5: Submitted.Available from: 2011-03-17 Created: 2011-03-08 Last updated: 2011-03-18Bibliographically approved
List of papers
1. The digital learning resource – a tool, content or a peer?: Digital media in Learning Design Sequences
Open this publication in new window or tab >>The digital learning resource – a tool, content or a peer?: Digital media in Learning Design Sequences
2006 (English)Article in journal (Refereed) Accepted
Abstract [en]

This article concerns the use of digital learning resources in the Swedish Social Science classroom. The aim is to find specific patterns in pupils´ subject related interaction and learning when they work with digital learning resources. This is illustrated by means of a Learning Design Sequence - LDS - which is a model for research and analysis developed within the project Digital media and learning design sequences in Swedish schools – user’s perspective, from which the empirical research material derives. The case study has a multimodal perspective on learning and is understood within social semiotic and socio cultural frames, with a focus on didactic design and multimodal analysis. The material consists of multimodally transcribed video recordings from four Learning Design Sequences in Social Science with pupils aged 6 to 11. The result divides the usage into four categories; search for; document, process and present information. Further the result present patterns in pupils´ interaction and learning and tries to understand these specific patterns according to above mentioned theories as well as related research.

Keyword
Learning design sequence, Education, Digital learning resources, Modes, ICT, Interaction, Multimodality, Social science
National Category
Pedagogy
Research subject
Didactics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:su:diva-55302 (URN)
Projects
Learning Design Sequences and digital learning recourses in Swedish schools – a user’s perspective
Note
Artikeln var accepterad för tryckning i Stockholm Library of Curriculum Studies, ISSN 1403-4972, vol. 16, men trycktes aldrig eftersom rapportserien upphörde.Available from: 2011-03-08 Created: 2011-03-08 Last updated: 2011-03-17Bibliographically approved
2. Eh, they even have a special tool, did you see that?: Affordances in digital learning resource mediated interaction
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Eh, they even have a special tool, did you see that?: Affordances in digital learning resource mediated interaction
2008 (English)In: Digital Kompetanse: nordic journal of digital literacy, ISSN 0809-6724, Vol. 3, no 1, 5-18 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This article illustrates how the perspective Designs for Learning can improve the understanding of interface interaction in the educational setting. Furthermore the article demonstrates that the digital learning resource does add something to the learning process in a vast amount of affordances, but that only a small fraction is utilized by the users today. The video based research material was collected in Social Science classes of year 7 and 8, and analyzed with the model Learning Design Sequence – LDS.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Oslo: Universitetsforlaget, 2008
Keyword
Designs for Learning, digital learning resource, affordances, interface interaction, Learning Design Sequence, LDS
National Category
Pedagogy
Research subject
Didactics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:su:diva-55303 (URN)
Projects
Learning Design Sequences and digital learning recourses in Swedish schools – a user’s perspective.
Available from: 2011-03-08 Created: 2011-03-08 Last updated: 2011-03-17Bibliographically approved
3. Vad blir SO i en digital lärmiljö?
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Vad blir SO i en digital lärmiljö?
2009 (Swedish)In: Didaktisk design i digital miljö - nyamöjligheter för lärande / [ed] Selander, S ; Svärdemo-Åberg, E, Stockholm: Liber , 2009, 127-143 p.Chapter in book (Refereed)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: Liber, 2009
National Category
Pedagogy
Research subject
Didactics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:su:diva-55305 (URN)978-91-47-09328-1 (ISBN)
Projects
Learning Design Sequences and digital learning recourses in Swedish schools – a user’s perspective.
Available from: 2011-03-08 Created: 2011-03-08 Last updated: 2011-03-11Bibliographically approved
4. Design för lärande i en digital, multimodal lärmiljö
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Design för lärande i en digital, multimodal lärmiljö
2009 (English)In: Individ, teknik och lärande / [ed] Linderoth, Jonas, Stockholm: Carlsson , 2009, 239-263 p.Chapter in book (Refereed)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: Carlsson, 2009
National Category
Pedagogy
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:su:diva-32320 (URN)978-91-7331-251-6 (ISBN)
Available from: 2009-12-07 Created: 2009-12-07 Last updated: 2011-03-17Bibliographically approved
5. Assessment in the digital divide: Teachers´ and pupils’ multimodal interaction
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Assessment in the digital divide: Teachers´ and pupils’ multimodal interaction
2010 (English)In: Scandinavian Journal of Educational Research, ISSN 0031-3831, E-ISSN 1470-1170Article in journal (Refereed) Submitted
Abstract [en]

This study concerns assessment in the digital divide (Prensky, 2001) in Sweden’s most technologically advanced schools. It aims at studying interaction to understand assessment and to find how assessment can be didactically designed to recognise pupils´ learning. The study has a multimodal, design theoretical perspective on learning (Kress & Van Leeuwen, 2001, Selander, 2008b), which means that communicative modes are collected, transcribed and analysed. The results show that the subject design aims at an expert level, while formative assessment aims at a novice level (Lindström, 2002). Pupils are thus left without adequate guidance. Despite this, summative assessment aims at an expert level. As a conclusion, assessment should be designed exploratory (Quellmalz & Kozma, 2003) to encompass pupils’ new knowledge. Furthermore, assessment must embrace pupils´ signs of learning, in other modes than just text and speech, or much of what is learned will be ignored in the digital environment.

Keyword
Learning, digital learning resources, Social Science, multimodality
National Category
Pedagogy
Research subject
Didactics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:su:diva-55307 (URN)
Available from: 2011-03-08 Created: 2011-03-08 Last updated: 2011-03-17Bibliographically approved

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