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Upplevelser efter obesitaskirurgi
Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society.
Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society.
2011 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Experiences after obesity surgery (English)
Abstract [sv]

Bakgrund: Sjukligt feta människor upplever ofta ohälsa eller minskad livskvalité i form av fysiska komplikationer, stigmatisering och diskriminering. En metod att hjälpa sjukligt feta personer att gå ner i vikt är obesitaskirurgi. Majoriteten av människorna som väljer obesitaskirurgi är kvinnor. Detta tros bero på att kvinnor blir mer stigmatiserade än män och att de blir psykiskt påverkade vid relativt lågt BMI. Syfte: Syftet med studien var att belysa kvinnliga patienters upplevelser efter obesitaskirurgi. Metod: Studien genomfördes som en allmän litteraturstudie och baserades på elva vetenskapliga artiklar. Resultat: Kvinnorna upplevde att tiden efter operationen förändrade deras liv, vilket upplevdes som både positivt och negativt. Upplevelsen att få en andra chans i livet och upplevelsen av att få en förändrad relation till mat var vanligt förekommande känslor. Slutsats: Operationen hjälper kvinnorna att äta mindre genom den förminskade magsäcken, men ingreppet botar inte de psykosociala problem som de eventuellt har innan operationen. Sjuksköterskor har en viktig uppgift i att stödja och vägleda dessa kvinnor.

Abstract [en]

Background: Obese people often experience illness and low quality of life which can be expressed in physical complications, stigma and discrimination. Obesity surgery is a method to help obese people to lose weight. The majority of people who chose obesity surgery are women. Women are thought to be more effected mentally by their obesity in lower BMI than men. Aim: The aim of this study was to describe the experiences of female patients after obesity surgery. Method: The study was constructed as a general literature review based on eleven scientific articles. Results: The patients experienced that the time after surgery had changed their lives. The experience was both positive and negative. The experience of getting a second chance in life and the experience of changed relationship to food was common feelings. Conclusion: The surgery helps women to eat smaller portions because of the diminished stomach, but doesn’t cure the underlying psychosocial problems they might have before surgery. Nurses have an important task in supporting and guiding these women.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2011. , 25 p.
Keyword [en]
Morbid obesity, Experiences, Female patients, Obesity surgery
Keyword [sv]
Sjuklig fetma, Upplevelser, Kvinnliga patienter, Obesitaskirurgi
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hkr:diva-7883OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hkr-7883DiVA: diva2:402332
Uppsok
Medicine
Supervisors
Available from: 2011-05-04 Created: 2011-03-07 Last updated: 2011-05-04Bibliographically approved

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