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The use of the PhonicStick in group training: Can South African children age 5-6 improve their phonological awareness by using the PhonicStick?
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Neuroscience, Logopedi.
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Neuroscience, Logopedi.
2010 (English)Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [en]

Phonological awareness is the ability to recognize, reflect on and manipulate sound structures of a language. This ability has been shown to be crucial when acquiring literacy. The PhonicStick is a speech-generation communication device, which was initially developed for individuals with complex communication needs (CCN) though more recent research has focused on the effects of the device on factors important for literacy acquisition. In the present study the effects on phonological awareness were evaluated after seven group training sessions with the PhonicStick. The participants of the study were 20 typically developing South African 5-6 year old children. All participants where pre and post tested with The Phonological Awareness Test part c) isolation and a PhonicStick test which tested the ability to produce isolated phonemes and combinations of three phonemes with the device. The results of the study showed that training with the PhonicStick did not appear to improve results on The Phonological Awareness Test part c) isolation. However, it was found that the participants of the training group had improved their ability to manoeuvre the PhonicStick and to produce isolated phonemes and combinations of three phonemes.

Abstract [sv]

Fonologisk medvetenhet är förmågan att känna igen, reflektera över och manipulera ett språks ljudstrukturer. Denna förmåga har visat sig vara betydelsefull vid tillägnandet av läs- och skrivförmåga. The PhonicStick är ett talgenererande kommunikationshjälpmedel som ursprungligen utformades för individer med komplexa kommunikationsbehov. Senare forskning har även fokuserat på hjälpmedlets effekter på faktorer som är viktiga vid tillägnandet av läs- och skrivförmåga. I föreliggande studie utvärderades effekterna på fonologisk medvetenhet hos 20 normalutvecklade sydafrikanska barn i åldrarna 5-6 år efter sju gruppträningstillfällen med the PhonicStick. Alla deltagare i studien pre- och posttestades med två test. Deltest c) från The Phonological Awareness Test rörande förmågan att isolera ljud, samt ett PhonicStick test. Detta testade förmågan att producera isolerade fonem och kombinationer bestående av tre fonem med the PhonicStick. Studiens resultat visade att träning med the PhonicStick inte resulterade i förbättrat resultat på The Phonological Awareness Test del c) isolerade fonem. Däremot tydde resultatet på att deltagarna i testgruppen förbättrade sin förmåga att styra the PhonicStick samt producera isolerade fonem och fonemkombinationer bestående av tre fonem.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2010. , 72 p.
Keyword [en]
Phonological awareness, literacy acquisition, the PhonicStick, complex communication needs (CCN)
Keyword [sv]
Fonologisk medvetenhet, läs- och skrivinlärning, the PhonicStick, komplexa kommunikationsbehov
National Category
Otorhinolaryngology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-148058Local ID: 038OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-148058DiVA: diva2:401195
Uppsok
Medicine
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2011-03-01 Created: 2011-03-01 Last updated: 2011-03-01Bibliographically approved

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Andersz, CarolineHansson, Anna-Maria
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