Change search
ReferencesLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
How does physical training affect sedentary long-term unemployed?: An intervention study in association with Halmstad Fastighet AB-Bureau
Halmstad University, School of Business and Engineering (SET). Halmstad University, School of Business and Engineering (SET), Biological and Environmental Systems (BLESS), Biomechanics and Biomedicine.
Halmstad University, School of Business and Engineering (SET). Halmstad University, School of Business and Engineering (SET), Biological and Environmental Systems (BLESS), Biomechanics and Biomedicine.
2011 (English)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [en]

Abstract

Introduction: Unemployment cause poor health and poor health leads to unemployment. Those who are sedentary and experience unemployment may also experience negative effects on their physical and mental health such as obesity followed by cardiac illness, reduced muscle strength, chronic pain, anxiety and depression. All these factors can be categorised under physical and mental health, which are the essential factors for an optimal work ability.

Methods: Our methods were to assess seven subjects (n = 7) of three male and four females, with the mean age of 35 ± 10 (25–54), who were all sedentary and long-term unemployed. These subjects were all part of a project organised by Halmstad Fastighet AB-Bureau (HFAB-Bureau) were they were undergoing education, coaching for employment and learning to apply for job. Our part in this project was to provide eight weeks of physical training to the subjects to reinforce their physical health which in turn supposed to improve their mental health. They were all assessed for grip strength with JAMAR® hydraulic hand dynamometer which represents overall muscle strength, BMI supplemented with waist circumference, blood pressure determination, self-assessing bodily pain with Visual Analogue Scale (VAS), anxiety and depression levels with Hospital Anxiety And Depression Scale (HADS) – a validated self-assessing questionnaire and Work Ability Index (WAI) by answering the self-assessing questionnaire for WAI.

Results: T-test shows significance change in perceived pain over eight weeks of physical training as well as correlation between grip strength and perceived pain as well as anxiety and depression. No significant changes or correlations in remaining variables.

Conclusion: Physical training contributes to decrease of chronic pain and physical training may give contribution to prevention of depression while increasing in muscle strength.

Key word: Unemployment, mental health, physical health, physical training

 

Abstract [sv]

Abstrakt

Introduktion: Arbetslöshet leder till ohälsa och ohälsa leder till arbetslöshet. De som är inaktiva och arbetslösa kan också uppleva negativa effekter på deras fysiska och psykiska hälsa som fetma, följt av hjärt- och kärlsjukdomar, minskad muskelstyrka, kronisk smärta, ångest och depression. Alla dessa faktorer som kan kategoriseras under fysisk och psykisk hälsa, vilket är väsentliga faktorer för en optimal arbetsförmåga.

Metod: Våra metoder för att bedöma sju deltagare (n = 7) varav tre män och fyra kvinnor, med medelåldern 35 ± 10 (25-54), där alla är inaktiva och långtidsarbetslösa. Deltagarna är en del av ett projekt som anordnas av Halmstad Fastighet AB-Byrå (HFAB-byrån), där de genomgår utbildning, coachning till sysselsättning och att lära sig att söka jobb. Vår del i detta projekt var att bidra med friskvård i åtta veckor för att stärka deltagarnas fysiska och mentala hälsa vilket i sin tur kan ha påverkan på deras arbetsförmåga. Samtliga undersöktes för greppstyrka med JAMAR ® hydraulisk dynamometer vilket motsvarar totalt muskelstyrka, BMI kompletteras med midjemått, blodtrycksmätning, självskattning av smärta med visuell analog skala (VAS), ångest och depression nivåer med Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS) och Work Ability Index (WAI).

Resultat: T-testet visar signifikans i upplevd smärta över åtta veckors fysisk träning samt sambandet mellan greppstyrka och upplevd smärta samt ångest och depression. Inga signifikanta korrelationer eller förändringar i de återstående variablerna.

Konklusion: Fysisk träning bidrar till minskad kronisk smärta, samt att fysisk träning kan ha en preventiv effekt på depression så muskel styrkan ökar.

Nyckelord: Arbetslöshet, mental hälsa, fysisk hälsa, fysisk träning

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2011. , 39 p.
Keyword [en]
Unemployment, mental health, physical health, physical training
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hh:diva-14511OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hh-14511DiVA: diva2:399992
Uppsok
Medicine
Supervisors
Examiners
Projects
Med sikte på arbetslivet, HFAB-Byrån
Available from: 2011-03-22 Created: 2011-02-24 Last updated: 2011-03-22Bibliographically approved

Open Access in DiVA

fulltext(1344 kB)396 downloads
File information
File name FULLTEXT01.pdfFile size 1344 kBChecksum SHA-512
3f757859ffa7f1380818aa07b3c8445f4cb75bb58d5c5f5c09889368b32b2705846ef7f10ebcb9c3ed7ba37fc02fa85cb8de2a2a5f82ea0709f26debb01b0d6f
Type fulltextMimetype application/pdf

By organisation
School of Business and Engineering (SET)Biomechanics and Biomedicine
Medical and Health Sciences

Search outside of DiVA

GoogleGoogle Scholar
Total: 396 downloads
The number of downloads is the sum of all downloads of full texts. It may include eg previous versions that are now no longer available

Total: 586 hits
ReferencesLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link