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Pricing Models for Customers in Active Houses with Load Management
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Applied Nuclear Physics.
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Applied Nuclear Physics.
2011 (English)Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [en]

In the new residential area, called Stockholm Royal Seaport (SRS), the customers will be living in Active Houses with Load Management. This implies that some balancing of the grid is shifted from the production to the consumption. To give the customer incentives to participate in the Load Management, new more dynamic pricing models needs to be implemented. At the same time, profits for the investors are needed to motivate an implementation of similar residential areas. To achieve this, an analysis of the electricity markets and an implementation of dynamic pricing models in a MATLAB simulation are done. A proposed trading profit for the investors and possible cost reductions for customers have been derived from the modelling. The results show that the difference in costs between utilized and unutilized Load Management are small, only considering the dynamic pricing models, therefore compliments to these are discussed. The conclusion is therefore that the energy for the manageable loads should be charged separately. Another important conclusion is that a change of the Spotmarket is needed in order to create a more beneficial market for retailers with flexible customers.

Abstract [sv]

I den nya stadsdelen, Norra Djurgårdsstaden, ska kunderna bo i aktiva hus med laststyrda vitvaror. På så vis flyttas en del balanskraft från produktionen till konsumtionen. För att kunderna ska få incitament till att delta i laststyrningen krävs nya, mer dynamiska, pristariffer. Samtidigt behöver investerarna hitta möjliga förtjänster för att motivera ett införande av liknande stadsdelar. Detta har gjorts genom en analys av elmarknaden och en implementering av dynamiska prismodeller i en konsumtionssimulering i MATLAB. En föreslagen trading-förtjänst för investerarna samt möjliga kostnadsreduceringar för kunder har utvärderats utifrån modelleringen. Resultaten visar att med endast de dynamiska prismodellerna blir kostnadsskillnaden liten mellan de som utnyttjar laststyrningen och de som inte gör det, varför komplement till dessa diskuterats. Slutsatsen blir därför att den laststyrda elen bör debiteras enligt separat modell. En ytterligare slutsats är att spotmarknaden bör förändras för att skapa en gynnsam marknad för återförsäljare med flexibla kunder.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2011. , 107 p.
Series
UPTEC F, ISSN 1401-5757 ; 11 006
Keyword [en]
Smarta nät, Smart grid, laststyrning, load management, prismodell, pricing models, Dynamic pricing
Keyword [sv]
Smarta nät, laststyrning, prismodell
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-143652OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-143652DiVA: diva2:390953
Uppsok
Technology
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2011-03-10 Created: 2011-01-24 Last updated: 2011-03-10Bibliographically approved

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